Cape Region

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cape Region

 

a floral region in extreme southwestern Africa, mainly in the coastal area. Width, approximately 100 km. In terms of physical geographical conditions and the general nature of the vegetation, the Cape Region differs sharply from adjacent territories. The Cape Region is similar to the Mediterranean region in its moderate temperatures, wet winters (700 mm a year, with a winter maximum of 70 percent), and comparatively hot summers. Therefore, the vegetation of these two regions is also similar: thickets of sclerophyllous evergreen shrubs and undersized trees resembling maquis. More than 6, 000 species of higher plants grow in the Cape Region, of which more than half are endemic (from the families Amaryllidaceae, Iridaceae, Proteaceae, Bruniaceae, Grubbiaceae, and Penaeaceae). Most typical of the Cape Region are the families Compositae, Ericaceae, Leguminosae, Iridaceae, and Proteaceae. The flora in this area has genetic ties with tropical Africa (via the flora in the Karroo and Namib regions, which is intermediate in composition); the Mediterranean area; and a number of southern hemisphere regions, particularly the Australian region. This indicates the probability of ancient land links between these areas. Many cultivated plants of European and other origins are grown in the Cape Region. The indigenous flora of the region is the richest source of ornamental plants, many of which have become well known in Soviet floriculture (for example, the amaryllis and Kaffir lily).

REFERENCES

Il’inskii, A. P. Rastitel’nost’ zemnogo shara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Vul’f, E. V. Istoricheskaia geografiia rastenii: Istoriia flor zemnogo shara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1944.
Alekhin, V. V., L. V. Kudriashov, and V. S. Govorukhin. Geografiia rastenii s osnovami botaniki, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Hutchinson, J. A Botanist in Southern Africa. London, 1946.

V. S. GOVORUKHIN and A. I. TOLMACHEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mediterranean Basin in Europe; Cape Floristic Region, Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa, Eastern Afromontane, Guinean Forests of West Africa, Horn of Africa, Madagascar and Indian Ocean Islands, Maputuland Pondoland Albany, Succulent Karoo in Africa; Mountains of Central Asia; Eastern Himalayas, Nepal, India, Indo-Burma, India and Myanmar, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka in South Asia;
Soil habitats: garden, soil from private gardens; agricultural, soil used for farming purposes; compost, soil rich in compost; disturbed, nutrient-poor uncultivated soil subjected to anthropogenic activities; fynbos, soil from a natural indigenous vegetation type endemic to the Cape Floristic region; veld, soil from grassland or uncultivated land; rotting tree, decaying woody debris; unknown, soil from unknown origin.
The 528-hectare Kirstenbosch Estate (which includes the Garden) falls under the Cape Floristic Region, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
As a case study, we calculated KBI across one of South Africa's global biodiversity hotspots, the Cape Floristic Region (CFR).
Grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in South Africa are a good bioindicator group within the grassland ecosystems (Bazelet and Samways 2011a, b) as well as the Grasshopper Conservation Index (GCI) having been developed within the Cape Floristic Region (CFR) (Matenaar et al.
Two new relict Syncordulia species found during museum and field studies of threatened dragonflies in the Cape Floristic Region (Odonata: Corduliidae).
The international team behind the study created an evolutionary 'family tree' of all 2,000 protea plant species on Earth, the majority of which are found in South Western Australia (SWA) and the Cape Floristic Region (CFR) of South Africa.
The Cape floristic region is one of the world's biodiversity hot spots, due to its incredible plant diversity.
The other hot spots-include the Tropical Andes, Mediterranean Basin, Madagascar Islands in the Indian Ocean, Mesoamerica, Caribbean Islands, Indo-Burma, Atlantic Forest of Brazil, Cape Floristic Region of South Africa, Mountains of Central China, Sundaland, Brazilian Cerrado, Southwest Australia, Polynesia and Micronesia, New Caledonia, Choco/Darien/Western Ecuador, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, California Floristic Province, Succulent Karoo, New Zealand, Central Chile, Guinean Forests of West Africa, Caucasus, Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forests of Kenya and Tanzania, and Wallacea.