Capelin


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Capelin

 

(Mallotus villosus), a marine fish of the family Osmeridae. Body length, up to 22 cm; weight, up to 17 g. It inhabits the northern Atlantic Ocean and the Barents, White, and Kara seas. Its subspecies, the Pacific capelin Mallotus v. socialis, is found off Canada and in the Japan, Okhotsk, Bering, Chukchi, and Laptev seas. Capelins are pelagic fish, which move in shoals and feed on planktonic crustaceans. They reach sexual maturity in the second or third year. The female deposits from 6,000 to 40,000 eggs, which are benthic. Spawning occurs on sandy shores or on sandbars. Capelins are commercially valuable.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although capelin are sometimes observed in large concentrations near Point Lay and Barrow and are likely important to belugas wherever they are available (Suydam (17)) we only found them in five stomachs from the Eastern Chukchi Sea stock, and they were not found by Seaman et al.
With the annual rush of cod during the summer months coming to the coast in pursuit of capelin, many Newfoundlanders had no need to venture into the deep ocean.
where a and b are two parameters to be fitted (SigmaPlot version 10, Rational II Two-Parameter model option, Marquardt-Levenberg algorithm); X is time in days, and capelin consumption is expressed as fresh weight consumed per crab and per day.
(17) But what truly dazzled me in this poem is the explosion of similes in Part III (Warner himself comments on their profusion) that go beyond mimicking to incarnate the very thing he's describing, the explosion of a capelin run on the shore:
But the early evidence reveals that seals are foraging on herring, sand lance, and capelin in shallow, near-shore areas that cruise ships avoid.
As a simple example, consider a large Atlantic cod that only consumes capelin and shrimp, both with known FA signatures.
Abstract--The number of pelagic fish eggs (cod and cunner) found in stomachs of capelin (Mallotus villosus) sampled in coastal Newfoundland was used to estimate the encounter rates between capelin and prey, and thus the effective volume swept by capelin.
Included in this group are two types of Peruvian anchoveta, Alaska pollock, Japanese anchovy, blue whiting in the northeast Atlantic, capelin in the North Atlantic, and Atlantic herring.
In Alaska's Bering Sea, capelin, herring and other coldwater fish have been in decline, while warmer water creatures like albacore and ocean sunfish have made their appearance.
The export of Japanese technology has spurred the development of capelin, sea urchin, shrimp, flounder, sea bream, eel, perch and many other industries.
Twice in the past 20 years, the capelin population in the Barents Sea north of Norway and Russia abruptly crashed and then took years to recover.