capercaillie

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capercaillie

, capercailzie
a large European woodland grouse, Tetrao urogallus, having a black plumage and fan-shaped tail in the male
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Capercaillie

 

(Tetrao urogallus), a bird of the family Tetraonidae, order Galliformes. The males weigh an average 4,100 g; females, 2,000 g. In males the top of the head, the neck, and the back are gray with dark markings, the wings are brown, the crop is black with a green metallic sheen, and the lower part of the body is dark with large white spots. The female’s plumage has dark and rusty ocher diagonal stripes. It is a sedentary bird, but sometimes performs seasonal migrations. It inhabits evergreen, mixed, and deciduous forests of Europe and Asia (in Siberia, it is found in the east as far as Western Transbaikalia, Olekminsk, and Viliuisk). The zone of distribution and the number of capercaillies has sharply diminished during the past two centuries; in some places they have disappeared. They were exterminated in Great Britain by the middle of the 18th century; in 1837 they were imported there from Sweden and acclimatized. In the USSR the capercaillie is retreating northward as forests are cut down; it has completely disappeared in a number of oblasts south of the forest zone (Kursk, Voronezh, and Tula, among others). It is polygamous.

The birds gather in the same mating places during the mating period year after year. They mate (March to May) on the ground and in trees; sometimes they mate summer, autumn, and even winter. The nest is on the ground, six to eight eggs to a clutch, rarely 12 to 16 eggs. Only the female sits, for a period of 25-28 days. Diet consists of shoots, flowers, buds, and berries in summer; the young eat insects and spiders. In the autumn, the capercaillie eats larch needles; in winter, pine and spruce needles and buds. It is the object of hunting for sport and, in some places, commercial hunting.

REFERENCES

Kirikov, S. V. “Rod glukhari.” In Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 4. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A. Gladkov. Moscow, 1952.
Teplov, V. P. “Glukhar’ v Pechersko-Ylychskom zapovednike.” In Trudy Pechersko-Ylychskogo zapovednika, issue 4, part 1. Moscow, 1947.
Semenov-Tian-Shanskii, O. I. “Ekologiia teterevinykh ptits.” In Trudy Laplandskogo gosudarstvennogo zapovednika, issue 5. Moscow, 1960.

A. M. SUDILOVSKAIA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Grouse about that: Capercaille (right), ridden by Greig Fairley, wins a hot race at Musselburgh on Saturday to set up a crack at Royal Ascot Mark me: Mark Johnston (far left) and Sheikh Hamdan can strike
Predicting space use responses to habitat fragmentation: can voles Microtus oeconomus serve as an experimental model system (EMS) for capercaille grouse Tetrao urogallus in boreal forest?
Horses to follow: Apache, Attracted To You, Bartolomeu, Bridgefield, Capercaille, Chicago Grey, Commitment, Dank, Diamond Blue, Dreaming Of Rubies, Earl Of Carrick, Eernay, Euston Square, Fort Bastion, Isabella Gem, Kirthill, Le Beau Bai, Mezmaar, Miss Diagnosis, Neptune Equester, Norman Orpen, Royal Mile, Sea Of Heartbreak, Seattle Drive, Silviniaco Conti, Tafawuk.
Archers Road has never been out of the first two in seven career races, but can concede a stone to Capercaille. A great match looks on the cards, I suggest putting the pair in a forecast.
Mark Johnston, having sent a juvenile debutante, Capercaille, to win at Musselburgh, completed an across-the-card double with Shakespearean, another of his unraced youngsters, in the 6f maiden.
The hall was full of celebrity fans including Capercaille and Scots folk singer Phil Cunningham, who joined Bonnie on stage for a version of John Prine's Angel of Montgomery.
The Exceed And Excel filly was second on her only start to date behind Mark Johnston''s classy Capercaille, who ran a blinder in the Queen Mary.
Local residents have been spotted burning any CDs by The Eagles, The Housemartins and Capercaille.
SM: Hi, can I get the number for the Capercaille in Auchterarder, please?
SELECTIONS: Cheltenham 4.55 Zaynar HORSES TO fOLLOw: Apache, Attracted To You, Bartolomeu, Bridgefield, Capercaille, Commitment, Dank, Diamond Blue, Dreaming Of Rubies, Earl Of Carrick, Eernay, Euston Square, Forest Row, Fort Bastion, Isabella Gem, Kirthill, Le Beau Bai, Mezmaar, Miss Diagnosis, Neptune Equester, Norman Orpen, Safarjal, Sea Of Heartbreak, Seattle Drive, Silviniaco Conti, Tafawuk.
Johnson pitched him straight into a conditions event against a handful of previous winners, in which Mark Johnston''s Capercaille came out on top.
You'll be birlin' through the bells to the sounds of Capercaille, Salsa Celtica, Sandy Brechin's Selection Box, Fraser McNaughton's Ceilidh Band and The Moonshiners.