Damping of capillary waves
at the air-sea interface by surface-active material.
feather the surface in concentric circles, obscure infant oyster-beds by the culinary island, reduce schools of red minnow to rust streaks.
Lathrop; Viscous effects in droplet-ejecting capillary waves, Physical Review Letters: 56(1), 472-475 (1997).
Suleimani; On droplet formation from capillary waves on a vibrating surface, Proc.
Thermal capillary waves cause fluid droplets to coalesce with a fluid substrate by film drainage at the interface, breakage of the film, and intrusion of the particle into the bulk phase (Aarts et al.
In addition, particle diffusion and uptake promoted by thermal capillary waves might play a role in particle transport through membranes.
In the ECWD technique, surface capillary waves in the frequency range of 0.
0] and the corresponding wave damping coefficient [Beta] for the capillary waves produced are determined by measuring the optical diffraction of a laser beam positioned at various distances from the source needle.