Capitoline Hill


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Capitoline Hill

(kăp`ĭtəlīn') or

Capitol,

highest of the seven hills of ancient Rome, historic and religious center of the city. The great temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, on its southern summit, was dedicated in 509 B.C.; it was foremost among the temples and altars of Rome. Destroyed three times by fire, it was last rebuilt by the emperor Domitian. On the northern summit of the Capitol was the citadel (arx). On the side overlooking the Forum stood the Tabularium, where the state archives were kept. Until the 1st cent. A.D., state criminals were hurled to their death from the Tarpeian Rock, on the steep south face of the hill. In the Middle Ages the Capitol remained the political center of Rome. The center of municipal government in modern Rome is on the same location. In the 16th cent. Michelangelo designed the present plan. A flight of steps leads to the square on top of the hill; on one side of the square is the Palazzo dei Conservatori, on the other, the Capitoline Museum. Both buildings now house collections of antiquities. In the center of the square is the ancient equestrian bronze statue of Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
References in periodicals archive ?
Forever encircled by dear friends, in a forest perfumed with cedars and in the gardens, lifting his gaze to the holy ruins of the Capitoline Hill, he spends happy years amidst the poets.
We see him in Rome, digging around the Capitoline Hill for clues about the volcanic past that created the strange landscape of the Eternal City.
Beneath the Capitoline Hill you'll find the Roman Forum, or what remains of it after centuries of plundering by Romans for its stone and marble to build churches and Renaissance palaces.
Sometime in the 1440s, Alberti surveyed the monuments of Rome from the Capitoline Hill and wrote a short tract with tables plotting his results using polar coordinates (angle and distance from the central vantage point); he apparently published his findings in 1450 in the short treatise he called the Descriptio urbis Romae.
In Rome itself they offer two spectacular wedding ceremony venues; Campidoglio Hall situated on Capitoline Hill overlooking the Roman Forum, and The Caracalla Hall, a former convent close to the famous Caracalla Roman Baths.
It certainly wasn't a highlight in this fabulous trip, but when you have such sights as the Vatican, Capitoline Hill, Pantheon, Roman Forum, it is hardly surprising.
And if your heart is set on getting hitched in Italy, like Tom and Katie, check out the beautiful Sala Rossa in the magnificent Campidoglio on Capitoline Hill in the heart of historic Rome.
Africa must be allowed to trade itself out of poverty," Geldof said after receiving the Man for Peace award at Rome's Capitoline Hill.
Flights to and from Rome are likely to be disrupted on Friday 29 October 2004 as security is tightened for the signing of the European Union constitution in the city's Capitoline Hill Square.
Summoning the people to the Capitoline Hill in 1347, he proclaimed himself dictator and to enthusiastic applause announced measures to curb the noble families which dominated the city.
159) to the subsequent translation of festival ephemerae into permanent materials, which thus relates the examples he cites to earlier ones, for example Michelangelo's refashioning of the Capitoline Hill (described by architectural historian James Ackerman in The Architecture of Michelangelo [Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1970], 53, 147).