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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) The cessation of resistance by ground, air, and naval forces or part of them in theaters or other regions of military operations, fortresses, or fortified regions and inhabited localities or at sea or on naval bases and elsewhere upon conditions presented by the victor or agreed upon in negotiations between the commanders. Capitulation is, as a rule, accompanied by the surrender of all armament, military ships and aircraft, fortresses, fortified areas, and materiel to the enemy, while personnel become prisoners of the victor.

(2) In international law, the cessation of armed struggle and the surrender of the armed forces of a belligerent state. Capitulation, as a rule, involves the imposition of political, economic, military, and other obligations on the state that has capitulated.

An unconditional capitulation is usually signed if the armed forces have been completely routed and includes recognition of this fact by the defeated state and the surrender of all armed forces. The victorious state may temporarily assume supreme power and establish an occupation regime in the defeated state.

After the unconditional capitulation of Hitlerite Germany and Japan at the end of World War II (1939–5) the Allies, in accordance with special agreements such as the Potsdam Declaration of July 26, 1945, carried out measures toward a democratization of the political regime in these countries, outlawed and disbanded criminal state organizations and political parties, and imposed economic, political, military, and other obligations on Germany and Japan.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 25-year-old suffered an ankle knock a week ago and was in plaster as he watched the capital club's 7-0 capitulation to Malmo.
SHELL-SHOCKED David Moyes tried to brush off Everton's disastrous FA Cup capitulation as "just one of those days".
Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said such a demand on the regime amounted to a call for "capitulation" that Western and Arab nations had no right to make.
Bolton's capitulation against West Brom on Sunday when they led 2-0 only to be dragged back to 2-2 at the death, means they must win at the Britannia Stadium to stand any chance of staying up.
A week after an abject capitulation, what happened?
The opposition accused the prime minister of capitulation and public demonstration of incapacity to integrate Macedonia although he promised the integration in his election program.
"Issues such as capitulation, US forces' freedom of action, detention of Afghan nationals and US troops' extraterritorial missions for chasing enemy combatants are among the US demands allowed by the draft agreement, "and the Afghan government has no right to prevent the aforementioned," Seyhoon added.
Peter Hanson and Anders Hansen are a shot behind, but the story of the day was Graeme McDowell's capitulation as he fired a ten-over-par 81 in his third round.
Capitulation "We've got to concentrate on ourselves and go out there and put on a good performance - and we are capable of doing that."
While many sections of the Australian media have gleefully swooped on the capitulation of Andy Flower's side, Roebuck believes the tourists can retain the urn if they keep their composure.
"The policy of 'no more groveling' led by Foreign Minister (Avigdor) Lieberman, was transformed within a matter of days into a situation in which Israel was forced to dispatch an official and diplomatic apology," Israel's MAARIV newspaper said in an article entitled "Capitulation." The spat again turned the spotlight on the controversial minister, an ultra-nationalist who has said Israel should strike back at international criticism and defend its "national honor."