Capparis


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Capparis

 

a genus of plants of the family Capparidaceae. It includes trees, bushes, or perennial grasses, sometimes with thorns (modified stipules). There are between 250 and 300 known species, primarily tropical and subtropical varieties; they often grow in arid regions.

In the USSR there are two species. The most economically important species in Eurasia is the caperbush (C. spinosa), a perennial subshrub. Its leaves are rounded, with spiny stipules. The flowers are large, white or pale rose, with numerous stamens; the ovary is on a gynophore. The fruit is a pod-shaped berry with a reddish pulp. This species is found primarily in the Mediterranean region, the Middle East, and India. In the Soviet Union it grows in the southern Crimea, the Caucasus (except for the mountainous and damp areas), and Middle Asia. The caper-bush is cultivated in Western and Southern Europe, India, the Philippines, North Africa (Morocco), and North America. In the USSR, wild caperbushes are used commercially in the Dagestan ASSR. In Western Europe the variety C. spinosa var. genuina (without thorns) produces between 500 g and 3 kg of fruit from a single plant. The flower buds, young fruits, and the tips of shoots are marinated in vinegar and pickled; they are then used as a condiment for sauces and soups. Ripe fruits are also used in dry form. They contain approximately 18 percent protein. The seeds have up to 30 percent fat, while the buds have 0.32 percent rutin. These plants contain the alkaloid capparidin. They are also nectar-bearing.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although, all the samples exhibited nematicidal activity but polar fractions of Peganum harmala, Clematis orientalis, and Capparis spinosa were found to be significant.
Antioxidant activity and biological evaluation of hot-water extract of Artemisia monosperma and Capparis spinosa against lead contamination.
Keywords: Spinosol, Capparis spinosa, 1D, 2D-NMR and MS techniques, Lipoxygenase enzyme.
The caper (Capparis L.): Ethnopharmacology, phytochemical and pharmacological properties.
Capparis spinosa is a many-branched plant that lives between 20-30 years.
Estos resultados indican claramente que Larrea divaricata y varias especies de Prosopis son marcadores palinologicos de las mieles de la region en estudio junto con Condalia microphylla Cav., Cercidium praecox, Capparis atamisquea, Aloysia gratissima, Sarcomphalus mistol, Geoffroea decorticans y especies de los generos Schinopsis, Schinus y Mimosa.
The species Cenchrus biflorus, Cenchrus ciliaris, Aristida funiculata, Tribulus longipetalus, Mollugo cerviana, Indigofera hocstetteri, Euphorbiaprostrata, Gisekiapharnaceoides, Dipterygium gluacum, Capparis decidua, Calligonum polygonoides and Ochthochloa compressa were found much associated toS3 and the soil layer L1, as they had maximum number of seeds.
Extraction and pharmacological evaluation of some extracts of Tridax procumbens and Capparis decidua.
The revised Capparaceae includes some true trees (e.g., Boscia, Cadaba) as well as shrubs branched from the base (e.g., Capparis).
The model is inspired by men's bespoke tailoring, expressed through capparis white accents running along the chassis.
Dentro de la alimentacion del zorro costeno estan los frutos de las especies arboreas mas comunes del norte del pais--algarrobo (Prosopis sp.), zapote (Capparis scabrida y Capparis angulata), analque (Coccoloba ruizziana), cerezo (Mutingia calabura), capuli (Physalis peruviana) y vichayo (Capparis avicemifolia)--mientras que entre los alimentos de origen animal estan los roedores, reptiles, aves, insectos, escorpiones, peces, crustaceos y carrona.