Wild Goat

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wild Goat

 

(in Russian, bezoarovyi kozel), bearded goat (Capra hircus aegagrus), an Artiodactyl animal of the horned family. The body length of mature adults measures up to 1.5 m, and they weigh up to 80 kg. The males have large saber-shaped curved horns up to 130 cm long and 25 cm in circumference. The wool is rusty and grayish toned, with separate parts being dark and blackish. Wild goats are found on certain islands of the Greek archipelago and in Asia Minor, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. In the USSR they are distributed in Dagestan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Southern Turkmenia (Kopetdag, Bol’shoi Balkhan, Malyi Balkhan). They inhabit the inaccessible cliff slopes of gorges and ravines. In the Caucasus they are normally near the upper limit of the forest zone. Occasionally in the summer they climb high into the mountains, going up to the snow line. Wild goats are polygamous herd animals. Except during the mating season, mature males remain alone. The goats feed on grass and shrub plants. Two kids, and more rarely one, are born at the end of April or in May In a short while the young follow the females into the most inaccessible areas. In many places the goats have been destroyed; in the USSR they are protected. The wild goat is one of the ancestors of the domestic goat.

REFERENCE

Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sindh ibex (Capra aegagrus blythi) in Kirthar National Park, Pakistan: Sensitivity of a habitat and population model.
The game reserve, in particular, is known as the last indigenous stronghold of the fallow deer (Dama dama) in Turkey, and contains abundant wild boar (Sus scrofa), plus a 4,000-5,000 strong population of Bezoar wild goat (Capra aegagrus) (Ulrich and Riffel 1993).
Within the reserve itself, leopards prefer sparse juniper/ beech/oak forests growing along the ridge tops, where their preferred prey, the bezoar wild goat (Capra aegagrus), lives.
La Unica manera en la que la conservacion del leopardo en los paises caucasicos y en Turquia sera exitosa es mediante el mantenimiento de poblaciones viables de especies de ungulados como la cabra montes de las montanas asiaticas (Capra aegagrus) y el jabali (Sus scrofa) dentro y fuera de habitats protegidos y mediante programas educativos para la gente de la region sobre la importancia de estas especies para la preservacion del ecosistema.
La conservation du leopard dans l'ensemble des pays des Caucases et de la Turquie reussira seulement si les populations viables des onglons proie, comme la chevre de Bezoard (Capra aegagrus) et le sanglier (Sus scrofa), peuventetre soutenues dans des habitats proteges et non-proteges et les personnes dans la region sont instruites au sujet de l'importance de cette espece en ce qui concerne la durabilite de l'ecosysteme.
Especialmente Duzlercami es conocida como el ultimo lugar en Turquia donde se encuentra en forma silvestre el gamo blanco (Dama dama); adema contiene una poblacion abundante de jabali (Susscrofa), asi como una poblacion de entre 4,000-5,000 de cabra montes de las montafias asiaticas (Capra aegagrus) (Ulrich and Riffel 1993).