roe deer

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roe deer

roe deer, small, short-horned deer, Capreolus capreolus, of Britain and Europe and as far east as China and Siberia. Its coat is golden red in summer, darkening to brown or even black in winter, with lighter undersides and a white rump patch. It stands from 26 to 30 in. (66–76.2 cm) at the shoulder and has small three-pronged horns. Roe deer are widely distributed in woods near fields and wooded valleys. They are nocturnal animals, traveling alone or in families and browsing on grass, leaves, and young shoots. The polygamous males fight over territory in early summer and rut in early fall. Females give birth the following June, usually to two spotted kids of opposite sexes. Roe deer often leave behind in the forest trampled areas in the shape of a figure-eight. Called roe rings, they are made during courtship rituals when the male chases the female, and also by the young at play. Roe deer are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Cervidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Roe Deer


(Capreolus capreolus), an even-toed ungulate of the family Cervidae. The body length may reach 150 cm; the animal stands 100 cm high at the shoulder. The male weighs up to 55 kg; the female weighs somewhat less. The animal has a light and slender frame. The tail is short and hidden in the hairs. The male has antlers with three, sometimes four, tines; the female has no antlers. The summer coat is reddish, and the winter coat is gray with a lighter underside. The light hairs on the rump around the tail form a “mirror.”

The roe deer is distributed in most of Europe, the western part of Southwest Asia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the mountains of Southern Siberia, Mongolia, and the Far East (in the north to 60°N lat.). It lives in sparse forests from the coastal plains to the alpine belt, in the forest steppe, and sometimes in rushes. It feeds on grass, leaves, and the shoots of bushes and trees. In the winter it sometimes feeds on lichens and mosses. The roe deer mates in August to October. The female gives birth to two or three young in May or June. The main enemy is the wolf. The roe deer is sought commercially for its meat, hide, and antlers.


Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 1, part 2. Moscow, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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1995: Socioeconomic, physiognomic and climatic factors determining the distribution pattern of roe deer Capreolus capreolus in Spain.
Karaca (Capreolus capreolus L.)'nin Duzce'de yayilisi ve habitat tercihi
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In Sweden today, browsing pressure from moose (Alces alces) and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a subject for debate and political concern.
P3 Otaria byronia 0.77 lower post-canines Otocyon megalotis 3.17 lower and upper molars Puma concolor 5.26 microdont tooth between upper canine and P2 ARTIODACTYLA Alces alces 3.7 lower left incisors/ lower right molar Capreolus capreolus 0-16.7 upper canines Cervus canadensis 0.77 duplicated left M3 C.
In the forest, the animal world is made up of hunting animals such as bear (Ursus arctos), Dobroneagu valley, tributary Valsan and there was an area of hunting bear, deer (Cervus elaphus), lynx (Linx Linx).At lower altitudes we can encounter deer (Capreolus capreolus), fox (Canis vulpes), wild boar (Sus scrofa), squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris), marten, rabbit.
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Similarly, for roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), a European species ecologically comparable to white-tailed deer, a snow depth of 50 cm is reported as a limiting factor that controls population growth of the deer in the northern part of their range (Danilkin, 1996; Mysterud and Ostbye, 2006).
The European roe deer, Capreolus capreolus, is a small deer species, but don't tell him that.
In agricultural fields in northern France, male European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) also were aggregated with females outside of the time when males were territorial for purposes of mating (Villerette et al., 2006).
From the total of 3058 registered roadkilled wildlife individuals, the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) accounted for 56.1%, wild boar (Sus scrofa) for 9.8%, moose (Alces alces) for 6.0%, European hare (Lepes europaeus) for 4.1%, and red deer (Cervos elaphus) for 1.3%.
elaphus de origen italiano, Capreolus capreolus (corzo) procedentes de Espana y de Italia, y Dama dama (gamo) procedentes, tambien, de Espana y de Italia.