Capsella


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Capsella

 

a genus of annual and biennial plants of the family Cruciferae. The stem leaves are sessile, entire, and sagittate. The basal leaves are petiolate, entire or pinnatipartite and are in a rosette. The small flowers are white, pink, or yellowish. At the onset of blossoming, the flowers form cymose inflorescences; they subsequently form long racemes. The fruit is a laterally compressed, triangular-obcordate silicle that resembles a purse.

There are from five to seven species distributed in temperate and subtropical regions. Three species are found in the USSR. The shepherd’s purse (C. bursa-pastoris) is a common weed in fields and gardens, near dwellings, along roads, and in waste places and trash heaps. The plant blossoms two or three times from spring to fall. There are spring and winter forms.

The seeds contain a fatty oil, and the foliage contains choline, acetylcholine, and tyramine. Tinctures and liquid extracts that cause contractions of uterine muscles are used to treat uterine atony and uterine bleeding.

REFERENCES

Kott, S. A. Sornye rasteniia i bor’ba s nimi, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1961. Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Nonnative species are indicated by an * Aboveground and Aboveground only Seed bank only seed bank Acer saccharinum Aristida oligantha Abutilon theophrasti * Achillea Capsella Acalypha rhomboidea millefolium * bursa-pastoris * Agalinis auriculata Cardamine hirsuta * Agrostis gigantea * Agalinis tenuifolia Carex tribuloides Amaranthus tuberculatus Agrimonia Cyperus esculentus Ambrosia parviflora artemisifolia Agrimonia pubescens Cyperus strigosus Ambrosia trifida Allium cemuum Descurainia sophia * Barbarea vulgaris * Andropogon gerardii Dicanthelium Bras sica sp.
CAPSELLA BURSA-PASTORIS (L.) Medik.--RS; Infrequent; C = 0; BSUH 19414.
Keywords: Capsella bursa-pastoris; Cold Regulated (COR) gene; Promoter; Histochemical staining experiments
ex M mRt Tcpr Kunth Brassicaceae Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) P Rt Tcp Medik.
Posterior a la eclosion en los medios CON y NAT, las larvas se alimentaron diariamente con hojas jovenes de Aliarida (Alliaria petiolata) y Bolsa de poeta (Capsella bursa-pastoris).
Argonaute genes in Ricinus communis, Linum usitatissimum, Populus trichocarpa, Malus domestica, Fragaria vesca, Arabidopsis lyrata, Capsella rubella, Vitis vinifera, Brassica rapa, Carica papaya, Mimulus guttatus, and Solanum lycopersicum did not have alternative transcripts, but Manihot esculenta, Medicago truncatula, Phaseolus vulgaris, Glycine max, Cucumis sativus, Prunus persica, Arabidopsis thaliana, Thellungiella halophila, Gossypium raimondii, Theobroma cacao, Citrus sinensis, Citrus clementina, Eucalyptus grandis, Solanum tuberosum, Aquilegia coerulea, Sorghum bicolor, Zea mays, Setaria italica, Panicum virgatum, Oryza sativa, and Brachypodium distachyon Argonaute genes had different alternative transcripts (Table 1).
The TCM compound [beta]-lipoic acid is extracted from Porphyra tenera Kjellm., whereas sulfanilic acid is extracted from Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
In the flora of northern Kazakhstan there are about 80 species of medicinal plants, mostly meadow-steppe type: Achillea millefolium L., Taraxacum officinale Wigg, Salvia stepposa Shost, Plantago lanceolate L., Capsella bursa pastoris Megis., Tanace-tum vulgare L., Equisetum arvense L.
shepherd's-purse Capsella bursa-pastoris, greater plantain; see Appendix I).
Story of traista ciobnului (Capsella bursa-pastoris) from the herbal of one of the research participants shows (well known in the literature) the difficulties people have in connecting a two-dimensional visual depiction of a plant with the actual specimen in the field.