capsicum

(redirected from Capsicum annuum)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Capsicum annuum: capsaicin

capsicum

1. any tropical American plant of the solanaceous genus Capsicum, such as C. frutescens, having mild or pungent seeds enclosed in a pod-shaped or bell-shaped fruit
2. the fruit of any of these plants, used as a vegetable or ground to produce a condiment
Enlarge picture
cayenne

cayenne

One of the best circulation boosters there is. Seriously boosts circulation and body heat. Helps ease pain in joints and muscles. Helps the whole cardiovascular system, good for the heart. Great antiinflammatory. Carotenoids in red peppers have been shown clinically to improve lifespan in primates. Helps digestion, burn calories, lose weight. Capsicum cream is good for arthritis, neuralgia, fibromyalgia, sports injuries, sore & sprained muscles. Cayenne unblocks and brings life and vitality back to the whole body. Put it on cuts to stop bleeding (no it doesn't burn). In emergencies, it's helped save people who were having heart attacks, strokes or fainting. Regular usage is good for blood clots, heart disease. Helps reduce elevated blood sugars in diabetics. Hypoglycemics are advised to stay away from hot peppers though because it drops blood sugar levels. Helps boost immune system, fight shingles, is a natural antibiotic, increases digestive secretions, thus relieving gas and colic. Taking cayenne with anything else increases the power, absorption and effect of the other herbs. It’s advisable not to eat the flowers from peppers. (nightshade)

chilli pepper

see also Cayenne Very healthy for you. Good for pain relief, migraine and sinus headaches, congestion. Has antibacterial properties that help fight chronic sinus infections. Cancer fighter that drives prostate cancer cells to kill themselves. Lowers high blood pressure. High in vitamins A, C, and bioflavonoids. More vitamin C than an orange. Protects heart (fewer heart attacks and strokes) and strengthens blood vessels, makes them more elastic and better able to adjust to blood pressure fluctuations. Reduces cholesterol, triglycerides and platelet aggregation, dissolves blood clots. Strong anti-inflammatory used to help for arthritis, psoriasis and diabetic neuropathy, sooth intestinal diseases like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), helps kill bacteria such as H. pylori. Helps burn fat by increasing body metabolism, generating heat. For cold feet, put powdered cayenne in your shoes.

Capsicum

 

a number of plant species of the genus Capsicum of the family Solanaceae. Capsicums are perennial subshrubs; they are cultivated as annual vegetable plants. The branching stem has a woody base and measures from 30 to 130 cm high. The entire leaves have long or short stalks and are solitary or gathered into rosettes; they range in color from green to dark olive. The large, axillary flowers are solitary or in fascicles. The corolla is violet, white, or greenish (sometimes with a yellow base and violet tinge). The fruits are hollow many-seeded berries; they are red, orange, yellow, or brown and range in shape and weight (from 0.25 to 190 g).

Capsicums grow wild in the tropical regions of America. The plants are cultivated in the temperate, subtropical, and tropical southern latitudes of all continents.

Capsicums require heat and moisture. The optimal temperature for growth and development is 18°–25°C. The plants grow best on highly fertile, structured soils. There are four cultivated species: C. angulosum, C. conicum, C. pubescens, and C. annuum; the last species is most common. In the USSR, C. annuum is grown in the Ukraine, the Northern Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Moldavia, and Middle Asia; it is cultivated everywhere on protected and heated soil. It has small fruits when cultivated as a house plant. Varieties have been developed for the open ground in central regions. The fruits are used as food at the stage of biological and, more often, market ripeness.

The mature fruit of C. annuum contains 4–8.5 percent sugar, approximately 1.5 percent proteins, up to 14 mg percent of carotene, 125–300 mg percent vitamin C, and small amounts of vitamins B1 and B2. There are sweet and bitter varieties. The bitterness is caused by the fruit’s content of the alkaloid capsaicine, which ranges from 0.007 to 1.9 percent. The fruits are canned and used in cooking; the bitter variety is used as a spice.

Capsicums are grown in hotbeds or, in the south, by sowing the seeds in the open ground. The seeds are sown in seedbeds and hothouses 45 to 55 days (in the northern regions, 60 to 75 days) prior to transplanting. Between 40,000 and 60,000 plants are cultivated per hectare (ha); square planting (70 X 70 cm) or row cultivation is used. Maintenance includes interrow tillage, application of fertilizer, and watering. The bitter varieties are harvested twice, when the fruits turn red; the sweet varieties are picked four to 15 times per summer, at the stage of market ripeness. The harvest of bitter capsicum is up to 200 quintals per ha, and the harvest of sweet capsicum is up to 300 quintals per ha. As much as 12 kg per sq m is harvested from protected soil. Pests include the beet armyworm, the bollworm, and nematodes. Diseases include molds, viruses, and wilts.

REFERENCES

Gazenbush, V. L. “Perets.” In Sorta ovoshchnykh kul’tur SSSR. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
Milovanova, L. “Biokhimiia pertsa.” In Biokhimiia ovoshchnykh kul’tur. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961.

V. L. GAZENBUSH

capsicum

[′kap·sə·kəm]
(botany)
The fruit of a plant of the genus Capsicum, especially C. frutescens, cultivated in southern India and the tropics; a strong irritant to mucous membranes and eyes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, the current study was aimed to describe the antiviral activity of Capsicum annuum against HSV-1 and HSV-2 using Vero cells as an in vitro approach.
Debido a esto, la presente investigacion se oriento al analisis de la naturaleza genetica y a estimar el tipo de accion genica del peso de frutos por planta en un cruzamiento intra-especifico de la especie Capsicum annuum L.
Resultados del ANOVA del numero de nodulos radiculares en plantas de Capsicum annuum segun tratamientos con follaje de Tagetes minuta al 20, 35 y 50%, y 0% (testigo).
Materska; Antioxidant vitamin contents of Capsicum annuum fruit extracts as affected by processing and varietal factors.
Suffice to say, Columbus or one of his companions named chili, capsicum annuum and all other varieties, piper, because he was vaguely familiar with the source of piper negro or black pepper, which indeed originated from India and the Spice Islands (Indonesia), and which is also pungent; he assumed he had reached the outlying areas of that region.
This study was undertaken in an attempt to expand upon the report of Walsh and Hoot (34) by utilizing transition/transversion polymorphisms within the waxy locus introns to examine the relationships between additional Capsicum annuum, C.
By the same token, peppers of the Capsicum annuum range from mild bell peppers to hot jalapenos and even hotter chiltepins.
10) A new antioxidant glycoside, icaricide and five new antioxidant apocarotenoids have been isolated from capsicum annuum, (11) suggesting additional benefits of capsicum oleoresin.
CAPSICUM annuum, also known as the Christmas pepper, is a great houseplant at this time of year.
The new peppers, both of the species Capsicum annuum, take from 63 to 70 days to ripen.
Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation on biochemical parameters in Capsicum annuum grown under long term salt stress.
MOHAMED & ALSADON (2011) evaluated the effect of gas exchange in the micropropagation of Capsicum annuum and observed that the type of flask used affects the appearance of morphogenic calli, organogenesis, and plantlet growth.