Cayenne

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Cayenne

(kīĕn`, kāĕn`), city and district (1990 pop. 41,659), capital of French GuianaFrench Guiana
, Fr. La Guyane française, officially Department of Guiana, French overseas department (2015 est. pop. 269,000), 35,135 sq mi (91,000 sq km), NE South America, on the Atlantic Ocean.
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, on Cayenne island at the mouth of the Cayenne River. The city has a shallow harbor, and deep-draft ships must anchor some distance out. Timber, rum, essence of rosewood, and gold are exported. Cayenne was founded by the French in 1643, but it was wiped out by a Native American massacre and was not resettled until 1664. Throughout the 17th cent. the city and its surrounding region were sharply contested by Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands. It was occupied (1808–16) by both the British and the Portuguese. From 1851 to 1946 the city was the center of French penal settlements in Guiana, and part of its population is made up of prisoners' descendants. Cayenne's development has long been hindered by internal strife, a hot, wet climate, and the prevalence of disease. In the city are the Pasteur Institute, which specializes in the study of tropical diseases, and several buildings from the colonial period; there is an international airport. The city gives its name to cayenne pepper, a very sharp condiment found on the island in abundance.
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cayenne

cayenne

One of the best circulation boosters there is. Seriously boosts circulation and body heat. Helps ease pain in joints and muscles. Helps the whole cardiovascular system, good for the heart. Great antiinflammatory. Carotenoids in red peppers have been shown clinically to improve lifespan in primates. Helps digestion, burn calories, lose weight. Capsicum cream is good for arthritis, neuralgia, fibromyalgia, sports injuries, sore & sprained muscles. Cayenne unblocks and brings life and vitality back to the whole body. Put it on cuts to stop bleeding (no it doesn't burn). In emergencies, it's helped save people who were having heart attacks, strokes or fainting. Regular usage is good for blood clots, heart disease. Helps reduce elevated blood sugars in diabetics. Hypoglycemics are advised to stay away from hot peppers though because it drops blood sugar levels. Helps boost immune system, fight shingles, is a natural antibiotic, increases digestive secretions, thus relieving gas and colic. Taking cayenne with anything else increases the power, absorption and effect of the other herbs. It’s advisable not to eat the flowers from peppers. (nightshade)
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cayenne

 

a city, the administrative center of French Guiana.Population, 24, 500 (1967). Cayenne is the country’s chief port, located at the mouth of the Cayenne River. Rum, wood, fish, raw leather, and other products are exported. Cayenne was foundedin the first half of the 17th century.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cayenne

the capital of French Guiana, on an island at the mouth of the Cayenne River: French penal settlement from 1854 to 1938. Pop.: 50 594 (1999)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Topical treatments include Capsicum frutescens which is diaphoretic, counter-irritant, antiseptic and stimulant (can aggravate and cause painful stinging, however this diminishes with use), Berberis aquifolium, Aloe barbadensis as a gel (emollient and vulnerary) and Calendula officinalis (vulnerary, anti-inflammatory, styptic and antiseptic).
In contrast, no clear separation of Capsicum chinense from Capsicum frutescens was observed.
Few herbs, in fact, have the versatility for human use as does the common chili pepper, or Capsicum frutescens.
Pepper seeds of the 'Malagueta' variety (Capsicum frutescens L.) were manually extracted from ripe fruits (completely red), harvested between January and March 2011 in the experimental area of the same institution.
Evaluation of seed and fruit powders of Capsicum annum and Capsicum frutescens for control of Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) in stored cowpea and Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch) in stored maize.
(2006) in this genus stand out the species Capsicum annuum L., Capsicum frutescens L., Capsicum chinense Jacq., Capsicum pubescens L.
Esta compatibilidade e maior quando mais estreito e o parentesco entre as plantas, de preferencia dentro da mesma especies ou genero (SANTOS; GOTO, 2004), podendo utilizar como porta enxertos para pimentoes, hibridos de pimentao ou pimentas Capsicum annuum e Capsicum frutescens (OLIVEIRA et al., 2009).
Rice is consumed with small portions of vegetables, lentils, fish or meat, but if the household cannot even afford the side-dishes, rice would be consumed with two to three fruits of Capsicum frutescens (hot pepper), a little table salt, and a few slices of onion (Allium cepa).
Oleos essenciais e extrato de pimenta: os OLES foram produzidos pelo Laboratorio de Pesquisas Micologicas, a partir de oregano (Origanum vulgare L.), salvia (SalviaofficinalisL.), alecrim (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) e pimenta malagueta (Capsicum frutescens L.), escolhidos de acordo com sua disponibilidade e viabilidade.