carrageenan

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carrageenan

[‚kar·ə′gē·nən]
(organic chemistry)
A polysaccharide derived from the red seaweed (Rhodophyceae) and used chiefly as an emulsifying, gelling, and stabilizing agent and as a viscosity builder in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. Also spelled carrageenin.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Materials: Cellulose, gum Arabic and carageenan wereobtained from local market in A Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Cooking loss ranged from 5.14% to 7.99%, increasing with higher levels of peanut flour and decreasing with higher levels of carageenan.
Ces produits incluent le surfactant (Savvy), l'agent acidifiant (gel tampon), et les << adsorption inhibitors >> (PRO 2000, dextrin sulphate, carageenan et cellulose sulphate).
Gelatinous polysaccharides agar, carageenan and funoran are now used extensively in the food business as stabilizers.
Four of them--Carraguard (carageenan, derived from red seaweed), dextrin-2-sulfate, cellulose sulfate, and PRO 2000--are sulfated or sulphonated polymers with large, negatively charged molecules that bind to pathogens or to potential host target cells forming a protective coating.
Carageenan, which is a seaweed gum produced by alkalai extraction, is similarly composed of linear molecular chains and can form a weak gel in the presence of milk.
Intact carageenan is a high molecular weight hydrocolloid (molecular weight 1.5-20 x [10.sup.6]).
Ingredients: Water, fruit juices 25% (lemon, orange, blackcurrant, raspberry), sugar, dried glucose syrup, citric acid, stabilisers (guar gum, sodium alginate, carageenan) flavourings, colours (E131, E124, E104, E110).
Contains beef extract, wheat and soya derivatives, food starch--modified, dry sweet whey, calcium, carageenan, vegetable oil, sodium phosphates to preserve freshness, BHA, BHT, propylene glycol, pectin niacinamide, artificial flavor, U.S.
Extracts were chemically analyzed for constituents and assessed for anti-inflammatory action using an HT-29 colon cancer based assay examining expression of inflammatory cytokines following carageenan exposure.
Cargill, the world's leader in food production, animal nutrition and industrial products and services, mulls of establishing a poultry operation in the country to serve the country's huge demand for chicken as well expand its coconut oil, cocoa processing and carageenan businesses.