Ion Luca Caragiale

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Caragiale, Ion Luca


Born Jan. 30, 1852, in Haimanale, now Caragiale; died June 9, 1912, in Berlin. Rumanian writer and playwright. Academician of the Academy of the Rumanian Socialist Republic (elected posthumously). Son of a minor official.

Caragiale studied at the Ploe§ti Gymnasium but left in the fourth year and enrolled in courses of mime and recitation at the Bucharest conservatory (1868–70). During the 1880’s he had close ties with representatives of the incipient socialist movement, C. Dobrogeanu-Gherea and A. Bacalba§a. A democratic raznochinets (member of a class other than the nobility), Caragiale denounced contemporary society. In the comedy Stormy Night (1878), he satirized the successful bourgeoisie, with its proprietary attitudes and sham liberalism and patriotism. The one-act comedy Mr. Leonida Face to Face With Reaction (1879) was directed against political philistinism. The comedy The Lost Letter (1884) was a biting satire on the political system of bourgeois-landowner Rumania. The comedy Carnival (1885) ridiculed the triviality of the petite bourgeoisie. In Caragiale’s essays, short stories, and satirical articles which appeared in the collections Notes and Stories (1892), Light Stories (1896), ShortStories (1897), and Moments (1901), he condemned the reality of Rumanian politics with caustic irony. A campaign of persecution and slander was organized against Caragiale by reactionary circles, and in 1904 he moved to Berlin. In 1907 he responded to the peasant uprising enveloping Rumania with the article “1907: From the Spring to the Fall,” in which he supported the just demands of the insurgents, stigmatized the ruling parties who were responsible for the tragic situation of the people, and insisted on the implementation of fundamental democratic reforms. Caragiale’s work served the progressive forces of Rumania in their struggle for freedom and exerted considerable influence on the development of Rumanian literature. The Bucharest National Theater was named after Caragiale.


Teatru. Bucharest, 1889.
Opere, vols. 1–7. Bucharest, 1930–42.
Opere, vols. 1–3—. Bucharest, 1959–62—.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Preface by I. Konstantinovskii. Moscow, 1953.
Momenty i ocherki. Bucharest, 1962.
Komedii, iumoreski, rasskazy. Moscow, 1963.


Chezza, L. Tvorchestvo I. Karadzhale. Kishinev, 1961.
Sadovnik, Sh. P. /. L. Karadzhale. Leningrad-Moscow, 1964.
Konstantinovskii, I. Karadzhale. Moscow, 1970.
Ion Luka Karadzhale (bio-bibliografiia). Moscow, 1952.
Studii §i conferinfe cu prilejul centenarului I. L. Caragiale. Bucharest, 1952.
Alexandrescu, ş. Caragiale in timpul nostru. [Bucharest, 1963.]
Cazimir, ş. Caragiale: Universul comic. [Bucharest] 1967.
Elvin, B. Modernitatea clasicului I. L. Caragiale. [Bucharest] 1967.


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Bogdan, a graduating senior at Ion Luca Caragiale National College in Ploiesti, plans to study aerospace engineering at the University of Liverpool.
Opened in 1899 by three brothers who wanted to sell their uncle's beer, it soon became a magnet for Bucharest society, with playwright Ion Luca Caragiale, poet George Cosbuc and even King Carol I eating there.
In 1930 Mateiu Caragiale (1885-1936), an influential poet and writer, published an unfinished detective story, Sub pecetea tainei (Under the seal of secrecy).
Classic Romanian plays, such as those of Ion Luca Caragiale, as well as works by modern or avant-garde Romanian and international playwrights, find sophisticated and enthusiastic audiences in the many theaters of the capital and smaller cities.
6) Ion Luca Caragiale (1852-1912) is a famous Romanian playwright whose comedies reflect the vices of social and private life in late 19th century Romania.
Whether or not that is still the case is a subject for frequent debate, but the works of authors such as Mihai Eminescu, Ion Luca Caragiale, Mircea Eliade, and Eugene Ionesco are well known to millions of citizens and schoolchildren.
DRAGOMIR, Caius Traian, 'Din nou despre Caragiale, Beckett, Ionescu etc / Again about Caragiale, Beckett, Ionescu etc.
To be sure, there is an equally strong tradition of fantasy in Romanian literature with roots in the surrealistic sensibility of folk poetry and a variety of stylistic manifestations, from the metaphysical or grotesque fantastic of Eminescu, Caragiale, Hasdeu, Sadoveanu, and Voiculescu to the ironic fabulation of Urmuz and the Dadaists and the self-conscious fantasizing of Mateiu Caragiale and Mircea Eliade.
playwright Ion Luca Caragiale (1852-1912), whose work influenced to a
Caragiale care, in aceeasi perioada in care ilustrul ministru elabora principalele sale reforme, scria Schitele (1897) si Momentele (1901) .
Known among friends also as a playwright in the tragicomic tradition of Caragiale and Ionescu, Visniec could not get his works published or performed before 1989.
Mihaileanu relates his mastery of comedy to Caragiale and Ionesco, two Romanian writers who exposed the futility of the human condition, the agony of the individual caught in the drama of politics, social servitude, or detrimental relationships.