Ion Luca Caragiale

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caragiale, Ion Luca


Born Jan. 30, 1852, in Haimanale, now Caragiale; died June 9, 1912, in Berlin. Rumanian writer and playwright. Academician of the Academy of the Rumanian Socialist Republic (elected posthumously). Son of a minor official.

Caragiale studied at the Ploe§ti Gymnasium but left in the fourth year and enrolled in courses of mime and recitation at the Bucharest conservatory (1868–70). During the 1880’s he had close ties with representatives of the incipient socialist movement, C. Dobrogeanu-Gherea and A. Bacalba§a. A democratic raznochinets (member of a class other than the nobility), Caragiale denounced contemporary society. In the comedy Stormy Night (1878), he satirized the successful bourgeoisie, with its proprietary attitudes and sham liberalism and patriotism. The one-act comedy Mr. Leonida Face to Face With Reaction (1879) was directed against political philistinism. The comedy The Lost Letter (1884) was a biting satire on the political system of bourgeois-landowner Rumania. The comedy Carnival (1885) ridiculed the triviality of the petite bourgeoisie. In Caragiale’s essays, short stories, and satirical articles which appeared in the collections Notes and Stories (1892), Light Stories (1896), ShortStories (1897), and Moments (1901), he condemned the reality of Rumanian politics with caustic irony. A campaign of persecution and slander was organized against Caragiale by reactionary circles, and in 1904 he moved to Berlin. In 1907 he responded to the peasant uprising enveloping Rumania with the article “1907: From the Spring to the Fall,” in which he supported the just demands of the insurgents, stigmatized the ruling parties who were responsible for the tragic situation of the people, and insisted on the implementation of fundamental democratic reforms. Caragiale’s work served the progressive forces of Rumania in their struggle for freedom and exerted considerable influence on the development of Rumanian literature. The Bucharest National Theater was named after Caragiale.


Teatru. Bucharest, 1889.
Opere, vols. 1–7. Bucharest, 1930–42.
Opere, vols. 1–3—. Bucharest, 1959–62—.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Preface by I. Konstantinovskii. Moscow, 1953.
Momenty i ocherki. Bucharest, 1962.
Komedii, iumoreski, rasskazy. Moscow, 1963.


Chezza, L. Tvorchestvo I. Karadzhale. Kishinev, 1961.
Sadovnik, Sh. P. /. L. Karadzhale. Leningrad-Moscow, 1964.
Konstantinovskii, I. Karadzhale. Moscow, 1970.
Ion Luka Karadzhale (bio-bibliografiia). Moscow, 1952.
Studii §i conferinfe cu prilejul centenarului I. L. Caragiale. Bucharest, 1952.
Alexandrescu, ş. Caragiale in timpul nostru. [Bucharest, 1963.]
Cazimir, ş. Caragiale: Universul comic. [Bucharest] 1967.
Elvin, B. Modernitatea clasicului I. L. Caragiale. [Bucharest] 1967.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Iorgu (1844-1873), just "as handsome, shy, smoothly-mannered and odd" (Caragiale 1889) as Mihai, was a brilliant student at the Military Academy in Prussia and, "hours before being employed on General Moltke's major staff, went home, took a gun and killed himself' (Caragiale 1889) without leaving any suicide note.
There are also literary texts which use the rhetoric of mathematics, such as Lewis Carroll's "The Dynamics of a Parti-cle" (1865; Notes by an Oxford Chiel, 1874); of statistics, such as Ion Luca Caragiale's "Statistica" (1893; Schite usoare, 1896), or of linguistics, such as Harry Mathews' "Remarks of the Scholar Graduate" (Country Cooking and Other Stories, 1980).
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Recherches et communications presentees: <<Le style satirique et polemique des chroniqueurs de Valachie>>, au IIe Colloque International Perspectives contemporaines sur le monde medieval, Pitesti (Roumanie), 3-5 decembre 2010, <<Procedes comiques dans D'ale carnavalului>>, Session scientifique de master et des doctorants; Universite de Pitecti (Roumanie), 5, 6, 13 mai 2011, <<Valences comiques du langage de Caragiale dans le jeu des elections politiques>>, Conference Internationale sur la langue et de litterature-faits marquants de l'identite europeenne; Pitecti (Roumanie), 17-19 juin 2011.
Caragiale", Facultatea de Teatru, Cinematografie si T.V., Bucuresti.
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For instance, the headline (Nenea) Iancu de Deveselu (Adevarul, June 1st, 2011) [9] alludes to the nickname of a Romanian writer from the 19th century, Ion Luca Caragiale, famous until today because of the literary value of his comic prosa and theatre plays.
Eminescu about his maiden: Well, I don't want her/Well, I'll leave her alone Passing to Caragiale with his: Clean/Dirty
Sometimes, common areas develops into a comic effect, in which, for example, recognize Caragiale's language: "well informed public interested in burning issues" (p.
In 1930 Mateiu Caragiale (1885-1936), an influential poet and writer, published an unfinished detective story, Sub pecetea tainei (Under the seal of secrecy).