carbamate

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Related to Carbamates: pyrethroids

carbamate

[′kär·bə‚māt]
(organic chemistry)
An ester of carbamic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Additionally, because these pesticides share a common mechanism of toxicity [acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition], we also generated a toxicity-weighted sum for OPs and carbamates combined (Jensen et al.
The development of a toxicological classification algorithm using the K-means clustering technique is presented, for classifying 83 pesticides including organochlorines, organophosphates and Carbamate.
Carbamate was mainly used for livestock disease vector control, and organophosphate was used seasonally for crop pest control among a small proportion of households.
This study would supplement the current knowledge on toxicity of OP and carbamates and also help an effective management of fresh water reservoirs with respect to the input of these pesticides from agricultural fields.
However, from application of a newly-developed qPCR diagnostic it was found that the ACE-1 gene was duplicated in some individuals, with those resistant to carbamate much more likely to have additional, duplicated copies of the resistant ACE-1 allele.
Various chemical classes included in this study were: 1) neonicotinoid, 2) glycoside and fermentation products, 3) carbamates, 4) organophosphates, 5) benzoylphenyl urea, 6) pyrethroids, and 7) others.
Cholinesterase enzymes inhibited by carbamates regain their full activity as the enzymecarbamate bond degrades.
However, moisture exposure during cure has been shown to hydrolyze the cyanate functional groups forming carbamates and deleteriously affecting the mechanical and thermal performance of the resultant polymer composite.
An optimized carbamate analytical system allows one to detect a spectrum of carbamates at ppb ([micro]g/L) levels in drinking water
In photosynthesis, the CO2 molecule is initially bonded to nitrogen atoms, making compounds called carbamates.