carbamate

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Related to Carbamates: pyrethroids

carbamate

[′kär·bə‚māt]
(organic chemistry)
An ester of carbamic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Substituted ureas and carbamates are mechanistic inhibitors of the soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH).
control over the use of organophosphates and carbamates than if its use were not banned domestically.
As discussed above, two classes of chemicals are implicated in the initiation of cases of MCS: organophosphate and carbamate pesticides and hydrophobic organic solvents.
Based on usage, nematicides are segmented into fumigants, organophosphates, carbamates, bio-nematicides, and other nematicides.
0001) and to a lesser extent organophosphates with carbamates ([rho] = 0.
This new research shows how specific P450 genes can engender resistance across insecticides with entirely different modes of action: DDT and pyrethroids target a voltage-gated sodium channel (a nerve cell membrane channel), whereas carbamates and organophosphates target the neurotransmitter Acetylcholinesterase, encoded by the gene ACE-1.
Throughout the world, organophosphates and carbamates are used to control insects in the agricultural industry, in domestic applications such as home gardening and landscape maintenance, and in veterinary medicine for parasite control on livestock.
Various chemical classes included in this study were: 1) neonicotinoid, 2) glycoside and fermentation products, 3) carbamates, 4) organophosphates, 5) benzoylphenyl urea, 6) pyrethroids, and 7) others.
Cholinesterase enzymes inhibited by carbamates regain their full activity as the enzymecarbamate bond degrades.
In this regard, there are anecdotal reports of criminal use of organophosphates and carbamates to poison meat, which is then used to kill watchdogs during robberies, (16,17) and of unscrupulous home brewers allegedly adding them to traditional beer (umqombothi) to add 'punch'.
gambiae (Kisumu) mosquitoes to the pyrethroid deltamethrin or the carbamate bendiocarb for a range of exposure times and assessed deaths 24 hours later (online Technical Appendix, wwwnc.
One reason may be that carbamates have been shown to catalyze the polymerization reaction (34); thus, the [T.