Carbothermy

Carbothermy

 

metallurgical processes based on the reduction of metals from their compounds using carbon and carbon-containing materials at high temperatures. Metallurgical coke is the most abundant carbon-containing material. Two types of reduction are known: direct (using solid carbon) and indirect (using carbon monoxide). Carbothermic reduction is the basis of ferrous metallurgy. Lead, tin, and a considerable quantity of zinc and certain other metals are produced by the carbothermic process in nonferrous metallurgy.

REFERENCE

Esin, O. A., and P. V. Gel’d. Fizicheskaia khimiia metallurgicheskikhprotesessov, part 1. Sverdlovsk, 1962.
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