Carbothermy

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Carbothermy

 

metallurgical processes based on the reduction of metals from their compounds using carbon and carbon-containing materials at high temperatures. Metallurgical coke is the most abundant carbon-containing material. Two types of reduction are known: direct (using solid carbon) and indirect (using carbon monoxide). Carbothermic reduction is the basis of ferrous metallurgy. Lead, tin, and a considerable quantity of zinc and certain other metals are produced by the carbothermic process in nonferrous metallurgy.

REFERENCE

Esin, O. A., and P. V. Gel’d. Fizicheskaia khimiia metallurgicheskikhprotesessov, part 1. Sverdlovsk, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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