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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) Saturation of the surface layer of steel articles with carbon to increase hardness and wear resistance (after quenching and tempering); the same as case hardening.

(2) Introduction of carbon (in the form of carbon-containing materials) into the molten steel produced in a steel-smelting plant to raise the carbon content to a specified level.

(3) Addition of carbon-containing materials to the charge during steel smelting by the carburization process for scrap.

(4) Formation of iron carbide, Fe3C, during blast-furnace smelting; it begins immediately after the reduction of iron oxides.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
From Figure 3(b), the plate treated by carburization or nitridation has lower wear coefficient compared to the non-treated cases shown in Figure 3(a).
The major influencing parameters in carburization are the holding time, carburizing temperature, carbon potential and the quench time in oil as reported by Shewmon [18].
Perhaps the characterization t[bar{i}]ksnadh[bar{a}]ra, "having a sharp edge," applied to an (ayasmaya) [acute{s}]astra from time to time (e.g., MBh 1.29.2; 6.78.31; 7.31.2; etc.), does show an awareness of the smith's practical knowledge that higher carburization of a weapon's cutting edge (i.e., its transformation from iron to steel) makes a critical difference in the weapon's value.
When austenitizing, care must be taken to avoid carburization or decarburization by carefully monitoring the heat-treating atmosphere.
The process takes about 20 seconds, a significant reduction from four- to 10-hour carburization process of old.
Chen, "Microstructures, properties and high-temperature carburization resistances of HVOF thermal sprayed NiAl intermetallic-based alloy coatings," Surface and Coatings Technology, vol.
Corrosion of 9Cr steel in CO2 at intermediate temperature II: Mechanism of carburization. Oxid.