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(bitter cress), a genus of annual, biennial, and perennial herbs of the family Cruciferae. The alternate leaves are entire or pinnate; the basal leaves are often in rosettes. The flowers, which are gathered into a raceme, are usually white, pink, lilac, or purple. The fruit is a greatly compressed linear silique.

There are about 150 species, distributed throughout the world but mainly in temperate regions. The USSR has more than 30 species. The cuckooflower (C. pratensis) is found almost everywhere on moist meadows, along rivers and streams, and in shady forests and parks. It reproduces vegetatively by means of adventitious buds on the basal leaves. The cuckooflower is nectiferous, as are some other species of Cardamine. In fresh form it is poisonous to horses and cattle; the quality of milk produced by animals that have eaten the herb is lowered. C. amara grows in the European USSR and Western Siberia. The young shoots and leaves of both C. pratensis and C. amara contain vitamin C and have antiscurvy properties; they may be used as a spice and as salad. C. pratensis and C. yezoensis are raised as ornamentals.


References in periodicals archive ?
The more frequently-encountered herbs, herbaceous vines, and graminoids are AlBum burdickii, Arisaema triphyllum, Campanulastrum americanum, Cardamine concatenata, Carex albursina, C.
Herbaceous plants found in the meadow were Agrimonia parviflora, Amphicarpaea bracteata, Asclepias incarnata, Boehmeria cylindrica, Cardamine bulbosa, Cuscuta gronovii, Eupatorium perfoliatum, Impatiens spp.
The most common species are Cardamine pensylvanica, Carex oligocarpa, Cryptotaenia canadensis, Impatiens pallida, Poa trivialis, and Polygonum punctatum.
Cardamine douglassii Britton; Purple Spring Cress, Limestone Bittercress, Northern Bitter Cress; Woods; Frequent; C = 5; BSUH 11890.
Spring dominants in the herbaceous layer were Hydrophyllum macrophyllum, Podophyllum peltatum, and Cardamine concatenata (Fig.
Cardamine douglassii Britton: (+); Pink Spring Cress; frequent; mesic woods; BSUH 12204.
This habitat supports many of the species listed for alluvial plains as well as Aster puniceus, Cardamine rhom-boidea, Carex spp.
Cardamine douglassii Britton: (+); Pink Spring Cress or Purple Cress; abundant; mesic woods; BSUH 10910.
11, 1 Calla palustris -- -- -- Calopogon pulchellus -- -- -- Caltha palustris -- P -- Cardamine bulbosa P -- -- Cardamine pratensis -- 31, 0.
According to Wilhelm (1990), the following plants are typical of wet flood plain forest: Acer saccharinum (silver maple), Cardamine bulbosa (smooth spring cress), Carex amphibola turgida (gray sedge), Carya laciniosa (big shellbark hickory), chaerophyllum procumbens (wild chevil), Floerkea proserpinacoides (false mermaid), Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash), Populus deltoides (cottonwood), Salix nigra (black willow), and Viola striata (striped white violet).
Spring ephemerals frequent to abundant in the woods include Cardamine concatenata, C.
Anthocharis cardamines ydi'r enw gwyddonol ar foneddiges y wig, a Linnaeus ei hun roddodd yr enw yma arni hi yn 1758.