Cardamine


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Cardamine

 

(bitter cress), a genus of annual, biennial, and perennial herbs of the family Cruciferae. The alternate leaves are entire or pinnate; the basal leaves are often in rosettes. The flowers, which are gathered into a raceme, are usually white, pink, lilac, or purple. The fruit is a greatly compressed linear silique.

There are about 150 species, distributed throughout the world but mainly in temperate regions. The USSR has more than 30 species. The cuckooflower (C. pratensis) is found almost everywhere on moist meadows, along rivers and streams, and in shady forests and parks. It reproduces vegetatively by means of adventitious buds on the basal leaves. The cuckooflower is nectiferous, as are some other species of Cardamine. In fresh form it is poisonous to horses and cattle; the quality of milk produced by animals that have eaten the herb is lowered. C. amara grows in the European USSR and Western Siberia. The young shoots and leaves of both C. pratensis and C. amara contain vitamin C and have antiscurvy properties; they may be used as a spice and as salad. C. pratensis and C. yezoensis are raised as ornamentals.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Individually the six terrestrial damp species showed different responses to the environmental watering event, with Bergia trimera and Rorippa eustylis present only in 2014 and Cardamine moirensis present only in 2015.
Cardamine hirsuta, the hairy bitter cress, has become one of the worst examples of the Cruciferae family to invade our gardens in recent years and needs constant vigilance to manage it's invasive and devious nature - remember that this ephemeral weed can germinate, grow, flower and set seed 12 months of the year - even when you are indoors by the fireside.
By using a combination of manipulative experiments and population models, Crone (1997) showed that effects of parental density on offspring mass influenced population dynamics in the annual plant Cardamine pensylvanica.
Pre-dispersal seed predation by Anthocaris cardimines (Pieridae) in the population dynamics of the perennial Cardamine pratensis (Brassicaceae).
saccharum 4 X X X X Actaea pachypoda* 7* X* X* X* Aesculus glabra 5 X X X X Ageratina altissima 2 X X X X Agrimonia parviflora 4 X X X ALLIARTA PETIOLATA -- X Allium tricoccum* 7* X* X* Anemone acutiloba* 8* X* X* X* Antennaria neglecta 3 X X Arisaema dracontium 5 X Arisaema triphyllum 4 X X X Asarum canadense 5 X X Asimina triloba 6 X X X X Aspenium platyneuron 3 X BERBER1S THUNBERGII -- X Boehmeria cylindrica 3 X X X X Brachyelytrum erectum 6 X Campanulastrum americanum 4 X Campsis radicans 1 X Cardamine concatenata 5 X Carex grayi 5 X Carex jamesii 4 X Carex laxiflora* 7* X* X* X* Carex tribuloides var.
Blodyn llefrith neu llaeth y gaseg Cardamine pratensis; cuckoo flower
Cardamine douglassii Britton; Purple spring cress, limestone bittercress; Edge of western old-field, woodlands; Common and widespread; C = 5; BSUH 17845.
While in Pisum sativum (pea) the transcription factor UNIFOLIATA (UN1) is required for organogenic regions at leaf margins, plants such as Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) and Cardamine hirsuta employ class 1 homeodomain transcription factors to achieve activity of these organogenic regions (Hay & Tsiantis, 2006; Champagne et al.
Other genera commonly found in the cheek pouches of males were Luzula, Carex, Ranunculus, Potentilla, Cerastium, Draba, Cardamine, and Eutrema.
Hispaniola-South America (11): Aspidosperma cuspa (Kunth) Pittier (Apocymaceae), Cardamine jamesonii Hook.