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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(bitter cress), a genus of annual, biennial, and perennial herbs of the family Cruciferae. The alternate leaves are entire or pinnate; the basal leaves are often in rosettes. The flowers, which are gathered into a raceme, are usually white, pink, lilac, or purple. The fruit is a greatly compressed linear silique.

There are about 150 species, distributed throughout the world but mainly in temperate regions. The USSR has more than 30 species. The cuckooflower (C. pratensis) is found almost everywhere on moist meadows, along rivers and streams, and in shady forests and parks. It reproduces vegetatively by means of adventitious buds on the basal leaves. The cuckooflower is nectiferous, as are some other species of Cardamine. In fresh form it is poisonous to horses and cattle; the quality of milk produced by animals that have eaten the herb is lowered. C. amara grows in the European USSR and Western Siberia. The young shoots and leaves of both C. pratensis and C. amara contain vitamin C and have antiscurvy properties; they may be used as a spice and as salad. C. pratensis and C. yezoensis are raised as ornamentals.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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I'm sure many of us have experience of `Hairy bittercress' (Cardamine hirsuta), a persistent annual that has flat, oval leaves ( looks like a smaller version of watercress)and will if allowed, produce small, white flowers.
Among broadleaf annuals, hairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta L.) was found at all N levels at similar levels of 1.4 plants [m.sup.-2].
Silique burst of Cardamine scurata (Cruciferae) as a physical inducible defense against seed predatory caterpillars.
The endangered plants found in El Kala include, in Lake Oubeira, Polygonum senegalense and Paspalidium obtusifolium; and in lake Tonga, cord-grass (Spartina patens), duckweed (Lemna trisulca), white water-lily (Nymphaea alba), lesser spearwort (Ranunculus flammula), Cardamine parviflora, and the water chestnut (Trapa bispinosa).
Herbivore effect on stature, fruiting, and leaf dynamics of a native crucifer (Cardamine cordifolia).
Unfortunately this is a name that refers to several herbaceous plants and without the genera name, it is difficult to establish whether it is an Aquilegia, Artemisia, Cardamine or Dianthus.
There might be a damp area you want to use, in which case choose flowers that thrive in bogs and damp ditches like marsh marigold (Caltha palustris), ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea), the lesser celandine (Rununculus ficaria), lady's smock (Cardamine pratensis), figwort (Scrophularia nodosa) or meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria).
1 (Plains), Cardamine moirensis, Crinum flaccidum, Cyperus squarrosus) were recorded for the first time within Hattah-Kulkyne National Park.
Five Delaware County records were reported, three native species (Cardamine parviflora var.