Carder, Frederick

Carder, Frederick

(1863–1963) glassmaker; born in Staffordshire, England. In 1903 he came to the U.S.A. to manage Steuben Glass Works. With a grounding in chemistry and metallurgy, he perfected numerous glassmaking techniques including enameling, etching, intarsia and cire perdue ("lost wax"). He created over 8,000 designs, many of them in art nouveau style comparable in quality to Tiffany's works. He is considered a founder of the modern glass movement.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.