Cardiac Massage

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cardiac massage

[′kärd·ē‚ak mə′säzh]
Rhythmic compression of the heart by a physician or other person in the effort to maintain effective circulation following heart failure.

Cardiac Massage


in cases of cardiac arrest, a method of resuscitation involving the rhythmic compression of the heart.

There are two types of cardiac massage—open and closed. Open cardiac massage is performed surgically, through an opening in the chest wall. In closed cardiac massage, which is a form of emergency first aid, both hands are used to apply rhythmic pressure to the victim’s chest. One palm is placed over the other, and the arms are kept straightened at the elbows. The full body weight is used to press down. The victim should be on his back on a hard surface, and 50 to 60 compressions should be applied every minute. The index and middle fingers are used to administer closed cardiac massage on newborns and infants, whereas one hand is used for children up to approximately 12 years of age.

At each compression of the heart, blood enters the vessels of the systemic and pulmonary circulation systems. The heart fills with blood from the major veins when pressure is released. Cardiac massage reinstates circulation and maintains the vital functions of the body. It stimulates the activity of the cardiac muscle and helps restore independent cardiac contractility. Artificial respiration is administered with cardiac massage.


Chervinskii, A. A., Iu. N. Bokarev, and Iu. I. Malyshev. Osnovy prakticheskoi reanimatologii. Moscow, 1968.
Buianov, V. M. Pervaia meditsinskaia pomoshch’, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1974.
Osnovy reanimatologii, 2nd ed. Edited by V. A. Negovskii. Moscow, 1975.


References in periodicals archive ?
Three modes of cardiac compressions in a single patient: A comparison of usual manual compressions, automated compressions, and open cardiac massage.
If cardiac massage and defibrillation (electric shock) are successful, the patient's heart returns to normal rhythm.
This is depressing," referencing a viral video where a cat gives a cardiac massage to another cat that has been hit by a car.
Accordingly, CPR was optimised by intravenous adrenaline, volume loading and by increasing the depth of external cardiac massage.
5 (8-27) Cardiac massage in first 48 h 6 (50) Endotracheal intubation in first 48 h 11 (92) Respiratory distress syndrome 11 (92) Hyaline membranes disease 9 (75) Bradypneic syndrome 7 (58) Bronchopulmonary dysplasia 8 (67) Amniotic fluid aspiration 1 (8) Invasive mechanical ventilation, d, median (range) 12 (2-50) Endotracheal intubation during hospital stay 12 (100) Infectious complications Lung infection 5 (42) Other systemic infection 7 (58) Other complications Intraventricular hemorrhage 4 (33) Persistent artery canal 7 (58) Necrotizing enterocolitis 2 (17) Congenital malformations 1 (8) Hospitalization Stay in neonatology ward, d, [section] median (range) 113.
Although the inquest heard she had vomited and paramedics reported she was given the kiss of life and cardiac massage, her doctors did not give her a brain scan while she was in hospital.
The heartbeat was revived temporarily after applying cardiac massage but again relapsed as his system refused to react to the artificial respiration or any other treatment.
Treatment included cardiac resuscitation, involving cardiac massage, packed red blood cells, fluids and vascular suppressors, which brought the patient's pressure back up, permitting the patient to be transferred back to the OR.
After the man's two daughters were rescued Cpl Hill carried out cardiac massage on both until they could get life-saving treatment from British Army doctors at Bastion, themselves also TA.
The court ruled against mechanical ventilation but in favour of cardiac massage.
She said that Luke should not be resuscitated by mechanical ventilation if his condition worsened but could be given the less aggressive treatment of cardiac massage.
Kerber recalled being taught in medical school to carry a penknife for performing open chest cardiac massage in an emergency.