Cardiidae


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Cardiidae

 

(cockles), a family of bivalve mollusks having a strong, ribbed, heart-shaped shell reaching 10 cm in length. The Serripes groenlandicus is among the largest of the approximately 250 widely distributed species. Cockles inhabit seas and brackish waters; they are found in all the seas of the USSR. The most common species, Cerastoderma edule, is 5–6 cm long. It is distributed along the western and northern coasts of Europe and in the Baltic, Mediterranean, Black, Caspian, and Aral seas; it entered the two last seas when they were connected with the Black Sea. C. edule and a few other species have commercial significance.

References in periodicals archive ?
Qualitative changes include the cessation of emperor fishing and the move to shark, ray and wrasse fishing, the cessation of shellfishing for limpets (Acmaeidae & Patellidae) and three bivalve taxa (Cardiidae, Paphies striata and Soletellina tumens) and the uptake of Turbo into the diet.
Cladistic analyses based on morphological characters (Schneider, 1992, 1998) and phylogenetic relationships based on analysis of small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences (Maruyama et al., 1998) both indicate that the known bivalves with symbiotic dinoflagellates are closely related, all belonging to Cardiidae. In addition, the available mol ecular genetic evidence (NcNally et al., 1994) reveals that the symbiotic algae associated with Corculum and Tridacna are also very closely related (LaJeunesse, 2000), but not identical.
Comparative genetic population structure of three endangered giant clams (Cardiidae: Tridacna species) throughout the Indo-West Pacific: implications for divergence, connectivity and conservation.
Estan ausentes en La Garma A los ejemplares de conchas de bivalvos (valva de la familia Cardiidae de Morin) y escafopodos (Antalis sp.
Symbiosis with zooxanthellae occurs only in two closely related families of bivalves, Tridacnidae and Cardiidae (Ohno et al., 1995).
Morphometric and systematic study on three Acanthocardia species from the Mediterranean Pleistocene (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Cardiidae).
The morula-like cells have been observed in several species of symbiotic clam in the families Tridacnidae and Cardiidae: Tridacna maxima (Reade and Reade, 1976); T.
Acrosterigma (= vasticardium) burchardi Dunker 1877 (Bivalvia: Cardiidae) on a subtidal sand flat off southern Jeju island.
Giant clams (Cardiidae: Tridacninae) are highly emblematic coral reef species distributed from east Africa and the Red Sea to the central Pacific Ocean (bin Othman et al.
Reproduction and ecology of the hermaphroditic cockle Clinocardium nuttallii (Bivalvia: Cardiidae) in Garrison Bay.
Phylogeography of Cerastoderma glaucum (Bivalvia: Cardiidae) across Europe: a major break in the Eastern Mediterranean.
Giant clams (Cardiidae: Tridacninae) are highly emblematic, heavily targeted coral reef species throughout their Indo-Pacific distribution, from East Africa and the Red Sea to the central Pacific Ocean (bin Othman et al.