Pierre Cardin

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Pierre Cardin
BirthplaceSan Biagio di Callalta, Italy
Fashion designer

Cardin, Pierre

(pyĕr kärdăN`), 1922–2020, French fashion designer, b. Italy. He spent most of his early years working in Paris for such firms as SchiaparelliSchiaparelli, Elsa
, 1890–1973, French fashion designer, b. Rome. She established a house of couture in Paris that existed from the late 1920s until 1954, and opened a New York showroom in 1949.
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 and DiorDior, Christian
, 1905–57, French fashion designer. He established his main house of couture in Paris (1946) and by 1958 had salons in 15 countries employing more than 2,000 people.
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 and designed the costumes for Jean CocteauCocteau, Jean
, 1889–1963, French writer, visual artist, and filmmaker. He experimented audaciously in almost every artistic medium, becoming a leader of the French avant-garde in the 1920s.
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's film Beauty and the Beast (1946) before he opened his own house in 1950. At first known for expensive clothing, he designed his first ready-to-wear line in 1959. His clothing was dramatic, bold, and often irregular in cut, and he was noted for his early astronaut suits, metal body jewelry, and futuristic look. He was a pioneer in global licensing, and his label appeared on products as diverse as wines, bicycles, ballpoint pens, sunglasses, and toiletries, ultimately devaluing his brand. Cardin continued to design into his nineties.
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