Cardinal Fleury

Fleury, Cardinal


(André Hercule de Fleury). Born June 22, 1653, in Lodève; died Jan. 29, 1743, in Paris. French church figure and statesman. Member of the Académie Française (1717).

Fleury was bishop of Fréjus from 1698 to 1714 and was the tutor to Louis XV from 1715 to 1723. He became a member of the royal council in 1723, and in 1726, the year in which he was made a cardinal, he became first minister in fact but not in name. Fleury passed a series of financial reforms, including a reduction of the taille and the regulation of monetary circulation; he also introduced the corvée, a severe measure that made possible the building of roads. Fleury was supported by the Jesuits; he persecuted the Jansenists. He was responsible for France’s concluding a treaty with Spain (the first Family Compact of the Bourbons, 1733) and the Peace of Vienna (1738) with Austria. Fleury opposed French involvement in the War of the Austrian Succession.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mestre Sanchis argues that Mayans attempted to foster contacts with French intellectual life by dedicating books to Louis XIV's prime minister, Cardinal Fleury.
His new governor was the Marshal de Villeroy and his tutor was the future Cardinal Fleury, who gained his affection and made sure that he had an excellent education.
The failure of John Law's Mississippi Bubble (a trade scheme of June, 1720), the increasing national debt due to royal prodigality, and the repeated hiring and dismissal of incapable finance ministers -- and even of capable ones like Cardinal Fleury, Turgot, and Necker -- all contributed to the economic instability of France.