John Morton

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Morton, John,

1420?–1500, English prelate and statesman, archbishop of Canterbury (1486–1500). He studied law at Oxford and practiced in the London ecclesiastical courts. A supporter of the Lancastrian party in the Wars of the Roses, he received a number of church livings, but after the Yorkist victory at Towton (1461) he was attainted and lived in exile at the court of Margaret of Anjou. He returned to England in 1470, taking an active part in the coalition against Edward IVEdward IV,
1442–83, king of England (1461–70, 1471–83), son of Richard, duke of York. He succeeded to the leadership of the Yorkist party (see Roses, Wars of the) after the death of his father in Wakefield in 1460.
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, but after Edward's victory at Tewkesbury (1471), his attainder was reversed. He was made a master of the rolls in 1473, was sent (1474) on a mission to Hungary, and became bishop of Ely in 1479. Arrested in the reign of Richard III, he escaped to Flanders and was recalled by Henry VII on his accession (1485) to the throne. Morton became the king's principal counselor, was made archbishop of Canterbury (1486) and lord chancellor (1487), and was created a cardinal in 1493. He was probably the author of the original Latin version of the History of Richard III, which is usually ascribed to Sir Thomas More.


See biography by R. I. Woodhouse (1895).

Morton, John,

c.1724–1777, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Chester co., Pa. He was a member of the Pennsylvania assembly (1756–66, 1769–75), the Stamp Act Congress (1765), and the Continental Congress (1774–77).
References in periodicals archive ?
Cardinal Morton, for example, one of the prime players in Richard's reign, died in 1500 when Sir Thomas More was just 22 and not at that time interested in history.
Raphael's proposal to punish theft with indentured servitude is greeted favorably by Cardinal Morton, but Raphael refuses to believe that he has been successful.
The exhibition has revealed St Francis Xavier's as a hidden gem Pictures: MIKE PRICE/ mp190908sfx-4; Over 10,000 visitors have been to see the exhibition Code: mp190908sfx-5; A visitor looks at the skull of Cardinal Morton Code: mp190908sfx-6; Mary Queen of Scots' prayer book Code: mp19908sfx-11; An illustration of the annunciation Code: mp19098sfx-8; The artefacts are on loan from Stonycroft College Code: mp190908sfx-3
Cardinal Morton, Archbishop Warham, Bishop Fox, Christopher Urswick and other prominent councillors were expert civil lawyers, and some of them demonstrably linked Henry's council chamber to the world of Continental political debate.
Although Cardinal Morton is made to listen intently to Hythloday's suggestions, More introduces a lawyer who objects that Hythloday's reforms could not be undertaken and that they would not be deemed desirable by anyone who knew the history and customs of England.
This study suggests that Margaret enjoyed a near-partnership with her son, King Henry VII, her influence rivalling that of Cardinal Morton and Richard Fox.