Cardinal Wolsey

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wolsey, Cardinal


(Thomas Wolsey). Born circa 1473 in Ipswich; died Nov. 29, 1530. English state figure.

From 1507 to 1509, Wolsey was chaplain to King Henry VII. Under Henry VIII, he concentrated in his own hands the highest administrative and clerical positions: in 1514 he became archbishop of York, in 1515 lord chancellor and a cardinal, and in 1518 a papal legate. Wolsey furthered the centralization of government and strove to subordinate the church to the state. The unsuccessful implementation of a policy regarding enclosures and other failures in domestic politics undermined Wolsey’s position. In 1529 he was dismissed as lord chancellor, and in 1530 he was charged with treason, which made him subject to the death penalty. Wolsey fell ill and died on a journey from York to London.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
"What an ample subject for reflection on the uncertain Enjoyments of this World, would not that Phaeton and the Life of Cardinal Wolsey afford a thinking Mind!" said I to Sophia as we were hastening to the field of Action.
"I shall find it immediately." And by carefully giving way to the inclination of the leaves, he did find it, or within a page or two, quite near enough to satisfy Lady Bertram, who assured him, as soon as he mentioned the name of Cardinal Wolsey, that he had got the very speech.
He considered himself entitled, at Hampton Court on a holiday, to forget the very names of Cardinal Wolsey or William of Orange; but he could hardly be dragged from some details about the arrangement of the electric bells in the neighboring hotel.
A highly successful lawyer, he was rapidly advanced by Henry VIII in court and in national affairs, until on the fall of Cardinal Wolsey in 1529 he was appointed, much against his will, to the highest office open to a subject, that of Lord Chancellor (head of the judicial system).
The documents are a letter to Adrian VI, the new pope; two letters to Henry VIII on the capture of King Francis of France and on war and peace; De Europae dissidiis et bello Turcico (On Conflicts in Europe and the Turkish War); a letter to Cardinal Wolsey dedicating and presenting translations of two orations by Isocrates; the two orations themselves; and a letter to John Longland, confessor to Henry VIII.
A Cardinal Hampton B Cardinal Beckett C Cardinal Wolsey D Cardinal Thomas 4.
Throughout his life, Henry was at the center of a tumultuous group at court, from advisers like Cardinal Wolsey and Thomas Cromwell to scholar Thomas More and the powerful dukes of Buckingham and Norfolk.
1530: Following his arrest for treason, Cardinal Wolsey was recalled to London and died on the way at Leicester.
| 1530: After his arrest for treason, Cardinal Wolsey, recalled to London, died on the way at Leicester.
The actions that follow show that the Tudor Court is locked in a power struggle between its nobles and the Machiavellian Cardinal Wolsey, the King's first minister and the most conspicuous symbol of Catholic power in the land.
Nostalgia ON THIS DAY 1530: Following his arrest for treason, Cardinal Wolsey was recalled to London and died on the way at Leicester.
The nursery rhyme Humpty Dumpty was inspired by Cardinal Wolsey, who was Archbishop of York, a short egg-shaped gentleman who would sit on a wall to think, usually about how to get Henry VIII his next divorce.