cardiopulmonary resuscitation

(redirected from Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

(CPR), emergency procedure used to treat victims of cardiac and respiratory arrest. CPR can be done in a hospital with drugs and special equipment or as a first-aid technique. In either case it is done with great urgency to avoid the brain damage or death that result from four to six minutes without oxygen.

The first-aid procedure uses external heart massage (to keep the blood flowing through the body), which may be combined with artificial respiration (to keep air flowing in and out of the lungs). The victim is placed face up and if artificial respirationartificial respiration,
any measure that causes air to flow in and out of a person's lungs when natural breathing is inadequate or ceases, as in respiratory paralysis, drowning, electric shock, choking, gas or smoke inhalation, or poisoning.
..... Click the link for more information.
 is to be used, prepared for that. The person administering CPR places his or her hands (one on top of the other, with fingers interlocked) heel down on the victim's breastbone, leans forward, and makes 30 quick, rhythmical compressions (at a rate of about two per second) of about 2 in. (5 cm). This is followed by two breaths, administered using the mouth-to-mouth method of artificial respiration. CPR for infants and children differs in the ratio of compressions to breaths, and the compression of the chest is only 1 to 1.5 in. (2.5 to 3.8 cm). Ideally the procedure is done by two people, one to give mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration and one to apply external heart massage, and special training is recommended.

External heart massage alone may be given if a person is unwilling or unable to provide artificial respiration; studies have shown that heart massage alone can be as effective as both techniques combined. External heart massage only, also known as hands-only CPR, at the rate of 100 compressions per minute, is now considered as acceptable as standard CPR for teenagers and adults who have not collapsed due to breathing problems or drug abuse or who are not drowning victims.

It is recommended that CPR be continued for at least 45 minutes, but if there is no pulse after 20 minutes, experts now recommend considering other prodecures such as extracorporeal membrance oxygenation, in which the blood is circulated through an external filter that oxygenates it. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the hospital is an aggressive technique employing drugs and defibrillation equipment, which administers an electrical shock to the heart in an attempt to restore the heartbeat. There is some controversy surrounding its use in patients whose prognosis is poor.

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

[¦kärd·ē·ō′pu̇l·mə‚ner·ē ri‚səs·ə′tā·shən]
(medicine)
The simultaneous forced ventilation of the lungs and squeezing of the heart ventricles to sustain the flow of oxygenated blood throughout the system; often applied in cases of cardiac arrest. Abbreviated CPR.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was immediately administered by certified by standers, 911 was called, and the ambulance arrived within a matter of minutes.
However, retinal hemorrhages can also be caused by glaucoma, increased intracranial pressure, cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, and impact to the head.
Perhaps someone administers cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and someone else calls for emergency assistance.
The treatment is immediate initiation of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation.
The report provides value ($m), volume (units) and average price ($) data for each segment and sub-segment within seven market categories - Patient Interface, Oxygen Masks, Nasal Cannula, Nebulizer Masks, Resuscitators, Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) Valves and Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Barriers.
Useful tips as well as hands-on experience in effective handling of the cases during the process of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and the Heimlich manoeuvre, were among the areas dealt with.
Contract awarded for To provide community first aid (cfa) and cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (cpr-including use of aed) course to secondary 1 and 2 students
3 Set targets for dramatically increasing the number of Scots with basic cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and defibrillator training.
We started 'ambubaging' (artificial manual breathing unit) using the oxygen mask for 25 minutes and then cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for four minutes and after that the patient became conscious but with drowsiness and slurred speech," she recalled.
They continued with cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and tried to inject lifesaving drugs but found Mrs Evans' veins had "shut down".
30pm and reportedly died as he waited for a cardio-pulmonary resuscitation team to arrive.
saved Gareth Jones' life David raised the alarm with the nearest ambulance crew while Dave, Ken and Brian carried out cardio-pulmonary resuscitation on Gareth.