Carel Fabritius


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fabritius, Carel

 

Baptized Feb. 27, 1622, in Middenbeemster, North Holland; died Oct. 12, 1654, in Delft. Dutch painter.

Fabritius studied under Rembrandt in Amsterdam from 1641 to 1643. He worked in Middenbeemster from 1643 and in Delft from 1650, becoming a master in 1652. While coming closer to Rembrandt’s art of expressing psychological depth than any of Rembrandt’s other pupils, Fabritius developed a highly distinctive style. In the 1640’s he painted in a style similar to that of Rembrandt, but later employed a bright, cold palette and a characteristic manner of contrasting dark figures against a light background.

The few works of Fabritius that have survived (approximately ten) are mainly portraits distinguished by subtle characterization; a notable example is his Portrait of a Man in a Helmet (Municipal Museum, Groningen). The painting A View in Delft, With a MusicalInstrument Seller’s Stall (1652; National Gallery, London) is linked with his architectural perspectives, none of which have survived. Another of Fabritius’ compositions, The Sentinel (1654, Museum of Schwerin), is noted for its poetic and skillful use of light and shade.

REFERENCE

Schuurman, K. E. Carel Fabritius. Amsterdam [1947].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Goldfinch by Carel Fabritius - which found its way into pop culture with Donna Tartt's novel of the same name - also hangs next door to the Mauritshusis Vermeers.
Moments before the attack, they admired a painting, The Goldfinch by Carel Fabritius. Theo's mother is killed and a dying old man urges him to steal the painting, which he does, changing his destiny forever.
Writing of Carel Fabritius' The Goldfinch, now in the collection of the Mauritshuis in the Hague, Jowell notes how the painting has of late become widely known thanks to its role in Donna Tartt's 2013 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name.
After Carel Fabritius, The Goldfinch (Het Puttertje), oil on panel, 1654, The Hague.
after the painting by Carel Fabritius & the novel by Donna
Dazed and frightened, Theo escapes with a small Dutch masterpiece, The Goldfinch, painted by Carel Fabritius in 1654.
He was admitted to the local Guild of Saint Luke in 1653 and eventually became a successor (not a pupil as is sometimes implied) of the most celebrated Delft painter of the time, Carel Fabritius, who unfortunately died in an explosion of the city arsenal in 1654.
The exhibition will explore the differences between Rembrandt's drawings and those of his most important pupils--artists like Govert Flinck, Ferdinand Bol, Ger-brand van den Eeckhout, Carel Fabritius and Nicolaes Maes--many of whose identities and artistic styles have been revealed and clarified by decades of research.
Though he achieved fame and fortune in his lifetime and had many students, among them Gerard Dou, Ferdinand Bol, and Carel Fabritius, the artist came to know personal tragedy.
1654: An explosion in Delft killed Dutch painter Carel Fabritius. He was one of Rembrandt's best-known pupils.