Caria

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Caria

(kâ`rēə), ancient region of SW Asia Minor, S of the Maeander River, which separated it from Lydia. The territory is in present SW Asian Turkey. The Carians were probably a native people, but their region was settled by both Dorian and Ionian colonists. Caria was a center of the Ionian revolt (c.499 B.C.) that was a prelude to the Persian Wars. Some of the communities joined (c.468 B.C.) the Delian League. In the 4th cent. B.C. the region was united under a satrapy of princes, of whom the most celebrated was MausolusMausolus
, d. 353 B.C., Persian satrap, ruler over Caria (c.376–353 B.C.). He was always more or less independent. One of the satraps who revolted against Artaxerxes II, he later allied himself with the Persian kings.
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. Alexander the Great conquered Caria, and it changed hands often in the wars after his death. In 125 B.C. it was made a Roman province (part of the province of Asia). Cnidus, Halicarnassus, and Miletus were famous Carian cities.

Caria

 

an ancient region in southwestern Asia Minor (in modern Turkey). It was named for the Carian tribe, which settled in the region at the end of the second millennium b.c. The studies of the Soviet scholar V. V. Shevoroshkin have established that the language of the Carians belongs to the Hittite-Luwian (Luvian) group of Indo-European languages. At the end of the second millennium b.c., the coast of Caria and the offshore islands were colonized by the Greeks, who founded the cities of Halicarnassus, Cnidus, Miletus, and Magnesia. In the sixth to the fourth century b.c., Caria was subordinate to the Achae-menids but retained its local rulers and satraps. At the end of the fourth century b.c., it was conquered by Alexander the Great. Later, the region was a dependency of the Seleucids. In 129 b.c., Caria was incorporated into the Roman province of Asia.

REFERENCES

Shevoroshkin, V. V. Issledovaniia po deshifrovke kariiskikh nadpisei. Moscow, 1965.
Robert, L., and J. Robert. La Carie: Histoire et géographie histor-ique…. Paris, 1955.

T. M. SHEPUNOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
"The number of Bahraini students studying in the US stood at 459 students in the 2012-13 academic year," Carian College Advisors managing director Peter Davos said, reported the Gulf Daily News (GDN), our sister publication.
In the fourth century B.C., Carian ruler Hecatomnus erected marble buildings at the site.
These views were expressed by Peter Davos, managing director of Carian College Advisors, and Rob Miller and Lance Easton, NSR Directors of Recruiting, during the signing ceremony of the partnership and cross-marketing agreement.
Peter Davos, Managing Director of Carian College Advisors said: "Families in Dubai typically look to the US, UK, Canada, Australia, and Singapore in their research for global universities for undergraduate study.
The ancient city dating from the Carian period is famous for its Hekate Sanctuary.
I would like also to thank Jillian Del Pozo, Jason Estacio, Joe Neto, Roger Williams, and the Stanford Law School Program Group--Jodie Carian, Jackie Del Barrio, Trish Gertridge, and Erin Lee--for their invaluable support.
McAnally's paper, on the creation of Carian identity, discusses the way in which a single fragment of mytho-genealogical history can be used to explore how societies constructed identity and the ways in which readings of construction changed depending on the identity of the constructor.
And Carian Scudamore has been forced to withdraw from the individual showjumping at the Games, starting today, after an injury to her horse Mister McGyver.
WELSH rider Carian Scudamore admitted she was happy to finally let her show jumping skills do the talking after kicking off her Youth Olympic Games medal hunt in perfect fashion in Singapore.
The husband of this "woman" was Hierocles, a Carian slave, once the favourite of Gordius, from whom he had learned to drive a chariot'.
The Accenture Young Showjumper of the Year crown, meanwhile, went to Britain's Matthew Sampson, with Joe Clayton second and Welsh prospect Carian Scudamore third.
10.Chemakum, Akkadian, Carian, Illinois, Cumbric and Hadramautic are all examples of what?