Anderson, Carl David

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Anderson, Carl David

(ăn`dərsən), 1905–91, American physicist, b. New York City, grad. California Institute of Technology (B.S., 1927; Ph.D., 1930). Associated with the institute's physics department from 1930, he became professor in 1939. For his discovery (1932) of the positron, he shared with V. F. HessHess, Victor Francis,
1883–1964, American physicist, b. Austria, Ph.D. Univ. of Graz, 1906. After teaching at the universities of Graz and Innsbruck, he came to the United States in 1938 and was later naturalized. He became professor of physics at Fordham in 1938.
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 the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physics. The muonmuon
, elementary particle heavier than an electron but lighter than other particles having nonzero rest mass. The name muon is derived from mu meson, the former name of the particle. The muon was first observed in cosmic rays by Carl D.
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 particle was discovered in cosmic rays in 1935 by Anderson and his associate S. H. Neddermeyer and almost simultaneously by J. C. Street and E. C. Stevenson at Harvard.

Anderson, Carl David

 

Born Sept. 3, 1905, in New York. American physicist.

After graduating from the California Institute of Technology in 1927, Anderson became an instructor there. (He has been a professor since 1939.) His main work has been in the areas of X rays, gamma and cosmic rays, and elementary particles. In 1932 he observed positrons in streams of cosmic rays. In 1936, together with the American physicist S. Neddermeyer, he discovered μ-mesons (muons) in cosmic rays. He received the Nobel Prize in 1936.

REFERENCE

Zhdanov, G. B. Luchi iz mirovykh glubin. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
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