Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig

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Ludwig, Karl Friedrich Wilhelm


Born Dec. 29, 1816, in Witzenhausen; died Apr. 24, 1895, in Leipzig. German physiologist.

Ludwig graduated from the University of Marburg in 1839 and became a professor there in 1846. He became a professor at the University of Zurich in 1849 and at the Academy of Military Medicine in Vienna in 1855. In 1865 he became head of the Institute of Physiology in Leipzig. Ludwig proposed a physical theory of urinary excretion (1846), discovered the secretory nerves of the salivary glands (1851), investigated cardiovascular activity, and studied gas exchange. He and the Russian physiologist I. F. Tsion discovered the afferent (depressor) nerve that branches off the aortic arch and demonstrated its role in regulating cardiovascular activity (1866). Ludwig inspired a major school of physiologists. Among those who worked in his laboratories were the Russian scientists I. M. Dogel’, F. V. Ovsiannikov, N. O. Kovalevskii, I. M. Sechenov, and I. P. Pavlov.


In Russian translation:
Rukovodstvo k fiziologii cheloveka, vol. 1, issues 1-2. Kiev, 1861-64.


References in periodicals archive ?
Charlotte, who was born May 19, 1744, was the youngest daughter of Duke Carl Ludwig Friedrich of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Princess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
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The team was led by partner David Hutton and senior associate Carl Ludwig, and included partner Martin Carroll and solicitors Kirtpal Dhanda, Georgina Garratt and Nathan Bradberry, among many others.
Projects instigated by a succession of Hamburg's Building Directors, from Carl Ludwig Wimmel to Fritz Schumacher, could be compared to contemporary works by Delugan Meissl Associates (for the Porsche Museum, Vienna airport, Amsterdam Film Museum, Adidas and Beijing), von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (for Berlin and China), and Hamburg's highly publicised future trademark, the Elbphilharmonie designed by Herzog & de Meuron (AR September 2004).
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Five decisive "moments" of Kant's reception in and influence on the visual arts and art history are traced by the author: The first moment is the circle of Carl Ludwig Fernow (1763-1808) who lived in Rome for <a decade '.
To find out, Science World met Carl Ludwig, the studio's cofounder.
We visited places like junkyards to look for ideas for the characters and the movie's setting," says Carl Ludwig, the studio's co-founder "Believe it or not, an aqua-blue boat motor was the inspiration for Rodney's appearance.
Also in this section are Dora Weiner and Michael Sauter's recapitulation of the rise of the medical clinic in Paris, Denise Phillips's study of the Isis Society in Dresden, and Sven Dierig's study of Carl Ludwig and mechanical respiration in Leipzig.