Carl Sternheim


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Sternheim, Carl

 

Born Apr. 1, 1878, in Leipzig; died Nov. 3, 1942, in Brussels. German writer and critic.

The son of a banker, Sternheim studied philosophy, literature, and psychology in Munich and Leipzig. He emigrated to Belgium before 1933; in the latter years of his life he withdrew from literature. In his early works, Sternheim polemized with the aesthetics of naturalism from a neoromantic point of view. He revealed the inner decay and degeneration of the bourgeoisie and the kaiser’s arrogant aristocracy in a cycle of satirical plays drawn “from the heroic life of a bourgeois.” These plays, which make use of elements of the grotesque, include The Trousers (1911), The Box (1912), Burgher Schippel (1913), The Snob (1914), 1913 (1915), and Tabula Rasa (1916). Sternheim’s perceptive characterization and sometimes shockingly expressive language gave his plays a formal similarity to the drama of expressionism. Sternheim also wrote novellas; publicist works, such as the collection of essays Berlin, or Juste Milieu (1920); works about art; and literary criticism.

WORKS

Gesammelte Werke, vols. 1–6. Berlin-Weimar, 1963–68.
Gedichte, Frühe Dramen. Berlin-Weimar, 1968.
In Russian translation:
Vanderbil’t. In Zapadnye sborniki, book 1. Moscow, 1923.

REFERENCES

Istoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1968.
Poliudov, V. A. “Spory o K. Shterngeime.” Uch. zap. Permskogo un-ta, 1967, no. 157.
Wendler, W. Carl Sternheim. Frankfurt am Main-Bonn, 1966.
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Over the course of what, with a degree of understatement, is termed an "ausgedehnte Studie" (619), Schutte traces Sebalds critical career, text by text, from the earliest polemics against Carl Sternheim to the affectionate pen-portraits of Logis in einem Landhaus.
Writing about an encounter with Sedov, the writer Thea Sternheim, wife of Pfemfert's friend Carl Sternheim, noted in her diary, 'Evening with Pfemferts at the Threepenny Opera film showing in the atrium.
Steve Martin's adaptation of an older play by the German playwright Carl Sternheim centers on the comic madness that ensues after a woman's underpants fall down in public.
Steve Martin's farce "The Underpants," which skewers middle class conformity, is an adaptation of the 1910 German farce "Die Hose" by playwright Carl Sternheim.
Bassler implies that a much closer friendship may have existed, citing Rainer Rumold's Gottfried Benn und der Expressionismus (Konigstein/Ts.: Scriptor, 1982), but not the reserved judgements on Benn and Einstein in Brussels from Thea Sternheim's diaries, and articles by Rhys Williams ('Primitivismin the Works of Carl Einstein, Carl Sternheim and Gottfried Benn', Journal of European Studies, 13 (1983), 247-67) and Brian Keith-Smith in Gottfried Benn (Galway:Galway University Press, 1990), pp.
4, with Steve Martin's adaptation of Carl Sternheim's "The Underpants," directed by Gene Saks.
The Underpants, adapt: Steve Martin from Carl Sternheim; dir: Jon Jory.
The remaining sections of this chapter provide a description of the themes, plots, and characters that recur in the work of Expressionist dramatists, including Ernst Toller, Georg Kaiser, Carl Sternheim, Frank Wedekind, Walter Hasenclever, and Fritz von Unruh.
Carl Sternheim and his wife Thea had been living in Belgium since 1912 and their house was a major meeting-place for the colony of ex-patriate German writers.
Sternheim, Carlin full William Adolf Carl Sternheim (b.
In regard to history and politics, expressionism continued the satirical rejection of complacent bourgeois values begun by such writers as Carl Sternheim (1878 - 1943) and Wedekind.
Bauer (1883-1971), Ehefrau und Muse des Dramatikers Carl Sternheim. Und dennoch war sie eine beinahe Vergessene, bis 2002 im Wallstein Verlag die grosse, funf Bande im Schuber umfassende Ausgabe ihrer Tagebucher erschien, hervorragend ediert und kommentiert von den beiden Schweizer Herausgebern Thomas Ehrsam und Regula Wyss.