Carl Stumpf


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Stumpf, Carl

 

Born Apr. 21,1848, in Wiesentheid; died Dec. 25, 1936, in Berlin. German psychologist, idealist philosopher, and musicologist. Student of F. Brentano and R. H. Lotze.

Stumpf was a professor in Würzburg (1873), Prague (1879), Halle (1884), Munich (1889), and Berlin (1894–1921). He served as joint president with T. Lipps of the Third International Congress of Psychology (Munich, 1896). Stumpf was a pioneer in the empirical psychological study of musical perception (Tone Psychology, vols. 1–2, 1883–90) and was the author of The Psychological Origin of Space Perception (1873). He anticipated the main ideas of Gestalt psychology (W. Köhler was one of Stumpf s students). As a philosopher, Stumpf was a theorist of phenomenology. His ideas were the connecting link between Brentano and E. Husserl, who was Stumpf’s student in Halle. Stumpf founded the institute of psychology at Berlin University.

WORKS

[Autobiography.] In Die deutsche Philosophic der Gegenwart in Selbstdarstellung, vol. 5. Leipzig, 1924. Pages 205–65.
Erkenntnislehre, vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1939–40.
In Russian translation:
Iavleniia i psikhicheskie funktsii. In the collection Novye idei v filosofii, collection 4. St. Petersburg, 1913.
Dusha i telo. Ibid., collection 8.
Proiskhozhdenie muzyki. Leningrad, 1927.

REFERENCES

Kuntsman, A. I. “Psikhologiia myshleniia F. Brentano, G. Ufuesa, E. Gusserlia i K. Shtumpfa.” In the collection Novye idei v filosofii, collection 16. St. Petersburg, 1914.

D. N. LIALIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Philosophy From an Empirical Standpoint: Essays on Carl Stumpf
Para Ash (1998) filosofos-cientistas como Christian von Ehrenfels (1856-1932) em Praga, Oswald Kulpe (1862-1915) em Wurzburg, e sobretudo Carl Stumpf (1848-1936) em Berlim definiram uma nova direcao da mescla entre teoria filosofica e experimentacao como um campo proprio da psicologia.
A primeira aborda a fenomenologia experimental de Carl Stumpf em Berlim.
We meet Jacobsthal again in the second part of this section in a painstaking description of his epistemology and methodology, as well as encountering influences that ranged from different disciplines in the humanities to the social sciences (particularly Hermann von Helmholtz and Carl Stumpf), sciences (especially Hermann GraKmann) to pedagogy.
Those appearing in the against camp include Carl Stumpf, Edmund Husserl, Vladimir Lenin, Max Planck, Albert Einstein (who changed his mind on Mach's thoughts on methodology), Karl Popper, Michael Polanyi, and Mario Bunge.
So were a couple of researchers, Carl Stumpf and Oskar Pfungst (I'm not kidding--those were their names!).
Handschin wished to bridge what he saw as a fatal division between acoustics and harmonic theory on the one hand, represented by Hermann von Helmholtz and Hugo Riemann (the dominant presence in music theory when Handschin was working) in their different ways, and experimental music psychology on the other, represented by Carl Stumpf.
The Phonogramm-Archiv (Phonogramme Archive) was established in Berlin in 1900 by Carl Stumpf (1848-1936) who, as a psychologist, took a strong interest in sound recording.