Carl Theodor Dreyer

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Carl Th. Dreyer
BirthplaceCopenhagen, Denmark
Film director
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dreyer, Carl Theodor


Born Feb. 3, 1889, in Copenhagen; died there Mar. 20, 1968. Danish director and scriptwriter.

Dreyer began his directing career in 1918. The film Leaves From Satan’s Book (1920) exhibits Dreyer’s striving for the maximal expressiveness of cinema language. In the films The Parson’s Widow (1920, Sweden), Michael (1924, Germany), and Master of the House (1925), whichcriticize the bourgeois way of life and morals, the basic theme of Dreyer’s films is presented—the loneliness of man, who defends his spiritual freedom and is at times doomed to death. This theme is most fully expressed in the film The Passion of Joan of Arc (1927, France), one of the most significant achievements of the silent film. In the films The Day of Wrath (1943, adapted from H. Wiers-Jenssens), The Word (adapted from the play of K. Munk), and Gertrud (1965, adapted from the play of H. Soderberg), Dreyer continued his experiments in cinema language and developed the main theme of his films, which increasingly lent themselves to a religious and mystical interpretation. Dreyer’s documentary films constitute a significant part of his contribution to the Danish art of the cinema.


Om filmen. Copenhagen, 1964.
Fire film. [Copenhagen] 1964.


Sémolue, J. Dreyer. Paris [1962].
Carl Th. Dreyer cinéaste danois, 1889-1968, 2nd ed. Copenhagen [1969].


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Respected filmmakers Ingmar Bergman or Carl Theodor Dreyer were the leading pioneers of this alliance.
"Lighting was [Dreyer's] great gift and he did it with expertise," said Birgitte Federspiel, the actress who played Inger in Ordet (Carl Theodor Dreyer, 1955).
France is fielding an iconic 1928 film, Carl Theodor Dreyer's 'La Passion de Jeanne D'Arc' (tonight at 9).
It is directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer, and will feature original music especially composed for the film by Yannis Sfyris, performed by the CSO and the Vocal Ensemble of the Limassol Music Lyceum, and conducted by Matthew Legakis.
One last cavil is the absence of any reference to Carl Theodor Dreyer's long-planned Jesus film.
Guilt and eros combined for Schmitt in Carl Theodor Dreyer's silent movie The Passion of Joan of Arc.
Banned in 1928 in France and England, Carl Theodor Dreyer's La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc is now recognised as a silent masterpiece.
Pour peu que l'on puisse dire, le cinema nordique cherche a affirmer une coherence, une diversite, mais aussi une authenticite.Au cours de cette 13e edition du FIFM, 40 films classiques et modernes de realisateurs norvegiens, danois, finnois, suedois et islandais ont ete projetes, entre autres [beaucoup moins que]La passion de Jeanne d'Arc[beaucoup plus grand que] de Carl Theodor Dreyer (1928), [beaucoup moins que]L'homme sans passe[beaucoup plus grand que] de Kaurismaki (2002), [beaucoup moins que]Out of bonds[beaucoup plus grand que] de FrederikkeAspE[micro]ck (2011), [beaucoup moins que]Drive[beaucoup plus grand que] de Nicolas Winding Refn (2011).
The 1928 silent film masterpiece "The Passion of Joan of Arc," directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer, and the 1994 composition "Voices of Light" by Richard Einhorn and inspired by the movie will merge for a unique screening and performance by the Assabet Valley Mastersingers at 3:30 p.m.
* The Passion of Joan of Arc (Carl Theodor Dreyer, 1927)