Carl Von Ossietzky


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Ossietzky, Carl Von

 

Born Oct. 3, 1889, in Hamburg; died May 4, 1938, in Berlin. German journalist of Polish descent.

Ossietzky served in World War I. He organized a pacifist movement in Hamburg and was the founder of the weekly newspaper Die Revolution. In 1919 he became the secretary of the German Peace Society in Berlin. He was the political reviewer and, from 1927, the editor in chief of the journal Weltbühne. Ossietzky’s highly polemical articles were written in the best traditions of German political prose as exemplified by H. Heine and F. Mehring.

For his exposure of German militarism and his sympathy for the USSR, Ossietzky was accused of treason and imprisoned in the Sonnenburg concentration camp in 1933. T. Mann, R. Rolland, and H. Barbusse took part in a campaign to free him. When, in 1936, Ossietzky received the Nobel Prize for peace, the fascists were compelled to transfer the seriously ill writer to a hospital, where he died in 1938.

WORKS

Schriften, vols. 1–2. Berlin-Weimar, 1966.
Rechenschaft: Publizistik aus den Jahren 1913–1933. Berlin-Weimar, 1970.
The Stolen Republic. Berlin [1971].

REFERENCES

Krivulia, B. On nevavidel voinu: O K. Osetskom. Moscow, 1966.
Carl von Ossietzky. Berlin, 1949.
Frei, B. C. von Ossietzky: Ritter ohne Furcht und Tadel. Berlin-Weimar, 1966.
Maud von Ossietzky erzählt: Ein Lebensbild. Berlin, 1966.

B. E. CHISTOVA

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Though the idea has been posited in the past, now the biologists from Lund University, Sweden, and Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Germany, were able to pin down the exact molecule responsible for the action - "Cry4." It belongs to a class of proteins called cryptochromes, a group sensitive to blue light and biological sleep cycles of many animals.
In their edited volume Sprache und Kritische Theorie, Philip Hogh (Carl von Ossietzky Universitat Oldenburg) and Stefan Deines (Goethe Universitat Frankfurt a.M.) have compiled thirteen compelling articles and a helpful bibliography that encourage us to reconsider the centrality of language critique in Critical Theory.
In 'Death of Dreams' (1936), German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky is pictured imprisoned, shortly after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize.
He refused to renounce his views in exchange for his release, and so he became the first Nobel Peace laureate to end his life in custody since Carl von Ossietzky died in a Nazi prison hospital 79 years ago.
The last time a Nobel laureate met such a fate was in 1938, when the German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky died in Nazi detention.
He was unable to collect his Nobel Prize and became the second winner of it to die in state custody, after Carl von Ossietzky in Germany in 1938.
He died of multiple organ failure while under guard at a hospital in north-east China, making him the first Nobel peace prize winner to die in custody since German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky, the 1935 recipient, who died under surveillance after years confined to Nazi concentration camps.
Carl von Ossietzky, a pacifist who died in 1938 in Nazi Germany's Berlin, was the last Nobel Peace Prize winner to live out his dying days under state surveillance.
(1) University Hospital for Urology, Klinikum Oldenburg, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany
The Ossietzky prize is named after German journalist and pacifist Carl von Ossietzky, who won the 1936 Nobel Peace Prize for disclosing Germany's rearmament programmes that violated the Treaty of Versailles.