Carl Von Ossietzky


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Ossietzky, Carl Von

 

Born Oct. 3, 1889, in Hamburg; died May 4, 1938, in Berlin. German journalist of Polish descent.

Ossietzky served in World War I. He organized a pacifist movement in Hamburg and was the founder of the weekly newspaper Die Revolution. In 1919 he became the secretary of the German Peace Society in Berlin. He was the political reviewer and, from 1927, the editor in chief of the journal Weltbühne. Ossietzky’s highly polemical articles were written in the best traditions of German political prose as exemplified by H. Heine and F. Mehring.

For his exposure of German militarism and his sympathy for the USSR, Ossietzky was accused of treason and imprisoned in the Sonnenburg concentration camp in 1933. T. Mann, R. Rolland, and H. Barbusse took part in a campaign to free him. When, in 1936, Ossietzky received the Nobel Prize for peace, the fascists were compelled to transfer the seriously ill writer to a hospital, where he died in 1938.

WORKS

Schriften, vols. 1–2. Berlin-Weimar, 1966.
Rechenschaft: Publizistik aus den Jahren 1913–1933. Berlin-Weimar, 1970.
The Stolen Republic. Berlin [1971].

REFERENCES

Krivulia, B. On nevavidel voinu: O K. Osetskom. Moscow, 1966.
Carl von Ossietzky. Berlin, 1949.
Frei, B. C. von Ossietzky: Ritter ohne Furcht und Tadel. Berlin-Weimar, 1966.
Maud von Ossietzky erzählt: Ein Lebensbild. Berlin, 1966.

B. E. CHISTOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Major organization : FREIE UND HANSESTADT HAMBURG, BEHRDE FR WISSENSCHAFT UND FORSCHUNG, STAATS- UND UNIVERSITTSBIBLIOTHEK HAMBURG CARL VON OSSIETZKY
In 'Death of Dreams' (1936), German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky is pictured imprisoned, shortly after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize.
He refused to renounce his views in exchange for his release, and so he became the first Nobel Peace laureate to end his life in custody since Carl von Ossietzky died in a Nazi prison hospital 79 years ago.
The last time a Nobel laureate met such a fate was in 1938, when the German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky died in Nazi detention.
He was unable to collect his Nobel Prize and became the second winner of it to die in state custody, after Carl von Ossietzky in Germany in 1938.
He died of multiple organ failure while under guard at a hospital in north-east China, making him the first Nobel peace prize winner to die in custody since German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky, the 1935 recipient, who died under surveillance after years confined to Nazi concentration camps.
Carl von Ossietzky, a pacifist who died in 1938 in Nazi Germany's Berlin, was the last Nobel Peace Prize winner to live out his dying days under state surveillance.
The Ossietzky prize is named after German journalist and pacifist Carl von Ossietzky, who won the 1936 Nobel Peace Prize for disclosing Germany's rearmament programmes that violated the Treaty of Versailles.
Daniel Dorniok | Carl von Ossietzky Universitat Oldenburg | Department fur Wirtschafts- und Rechtswissenschaften | Fakultat II | Fachgebiet Produktion und Umwelt | Oldenburg | Deutschland | E-Mail: daniel.
The material arises out of the collaborative research work of the Centre for Wind Energy Research, based out of Carl von Ossietzky U.
Cibera, Instituto Ibero-Americano (Fundacion del Patrimonio Cultural Prusiano, Berlin) y de la Biblioteca Estatal y Universitaria de Hamburgo Carl von Ossietzky.
Monica Rodriguez de Luna, a Master degree candidate in Migration and Intercultural Relations, Carl Von Ossietzky Universitat, Oldenburg, Germany.