Carlisle

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Carlisle

, city, England
Carlisle, city and district, Cumbria, NW England, near the junction of the Caldew, Eden, and Petteril rivers. The city of Carlisle is an important rail center. Manufactures include textiles, biscuits, and metal products, in addition to a substantial engineering industry. Carlisle also has an important livestock auction. The city's location was formerly strategic; the Roman camp Luguvallium stood there, near Hadrian's Wall. The site figured prominently in the border warfare between the English and the Scots during the Middle Ages. Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned there in 1568. During the English civil war, parliamentarians captured Carlisle. A technical college is there.

Carlisle

, city, United States
Carlisle (kärlīlˈ, kärˈlīl), borough (2020 pop. 19,236), seat of Cumberland co., S Pa.; inc. 1782. Its manufactures include electronics and paper, rubber, wood, food, and leather products. In the last conflict (1754–63) of the French and Indian Wars the Forbes (1758) and Bouquet (1763) expeditions were organized there. A munitions depot during the Revolution, Carlisle was a headquarters for Washington during the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794. Molly Pitcher is buried in the Old Graveyard. The borough was a stop on the Underground Railroad and was attacked during the Civil War by Gen. Fitzhugh Lee. Carlisle is the seat of the U.S. Army War College and the Carlisle Barracks, Dickinson College, and Pennsylvania State Univ. Dickinson School of Law.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Carlisle

 

a city in Great Britain, on the Eden River, nearwhere it empties into Solway Firth (Irish Sea). Population, 71, 500 (1971). The city has railroad repair shops and metalwork-ing, textile, and food industries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Carlisle

a city in NW England, administrative centre of Cumbria: railway and industrial centre. Pop.: 71 773 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005