Carlo Gozzi


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Gozzi, Carlo

 

Born Dec. 13. 1720, in Venice; died there Apr. 4, 1806. Italian playwright.

Gozzi was the descendant of an aristocratic but impoverished family. He was a military man, but from 1744 he devoted himself to literature and the theater. In his struggle against the Enlightenment playwright C. Goldoni, Gozzi created an original genre of theatrical fable—the fiabe, which utilized plot motifs from folklore and certain principles of the commedia dell’arte (mask characters, dialect, improvisation, and so on). Among such works were The Love of Three Oranges (1761). The Raven (1761). The Stag King (1762), Turandot (1762). and The Green Bird (1765). Gozzi’s fables were characterized by contrast between good and evil, pathos and buffoonery, and archaic literary language and everyday Venetian dialect. They glorified lofty human passions and ridiculed bourgeois egoism: nevertheless, their aim was the “education of the lower classes’* in the spirit of religion and blind obedience to their sovereigns (“A Purehearted Discourse and True History of the Origin of My Ten Fables for the Theater”). Gozzi also wrote 23 tragicomedies in the manner of the Spanish “cape and dagger comedies” and Useless Memoirs (1797), which contain a vivid picture of the theatrical life of Venice. Gozzi was quickly forgotten in Italy, but his fables evoked great interest in F. Schiller and among German and French romanticists. E. B. Vakhtangov staged a brilliant production of Turandot in 1922, and S. Prokofiev composed an opera based on motifs from The Love of Three Oranges.

WORKS

Le Fiabe. Edited by E. Masi. Bologna, 1884.
In Russian translation:
Skazki dlia teatra. Introduction by S. S. Mokul’skii. Moscow, 1956.

REFERENCES

Mokul’skii, S. S. Ital’ianskaia literatura: Vozrozhdenie i Pros-veshchenie.Moscow, 1966.
Reizov, B. G. Ital’ianskaia literatura XVIII v. Leningrad, 1966.

R. I. KHLODOVSII

References in periodicals archive ?
The story, based with elaborate deviations on the Carlo Gozzi play La Donna Serpente, tells of the thwarted love between the fairy Ada and the mortal King of Tramond, Arindal.
Per quel che riguarda i rapporti con la commedia dell'arte, i suoi censori, primo fra tutti Carlo Gozzi, lo hanno accusato di aver distrutto con i suoi testi regolari e verosimili la gloriosa tradizione italiana delle maschere e la libera fantasia dell'improvvisazione.
Mae'n stori sydd wedi'i selio ar ddrama Turandot gan Carlo Gozzi, ac sy'n dilyn hanes y Tywysog Calaf sy'n peryglu ei fywyd er mwyn ennill calon a chariad y Dywysoges Turandot.
The study is prefaced by an examination of a perceived "Dalmatian Loyalty" to the "Venetian Lion" in the literature of eighteenth-century Venice, focusing in particular on Carlo Goldoni and Carlo Gozzi (chapter one).
The play, by 18th-century Venetian playwright Carlo Gozzi, presents a world of kings, damsels, sorcery and, one would hope, a deer or two.
PROKOFIEV Love for Three Oranges (Philips): Prokofiev's best-known opera, based on a fable by 18th century Venetian Carlo Gozzi, is a wonderfully absurdist blend of symbolism, surrealism, irony and commedia dell'arte hilarity, a typical child of its post-First World War period.
The film derives its structure "primarily from a medieval play on the seven capital sins, later embellishing it in the manner of a fabulist modeled on Carlo Gozzi, author of The Love of the Three Oranges (1777)," and the actors are all from the university.
Based on a play by Carlo Gozzi, Prokofiev's opera premiered in Chicago in 1921 (in French) and has been on the outer fringe of the standard repertoire ever since.
The texts offered also provide an insight into some of the daily routine of Caminer's work as a critic, translator, journalist and publisher eager to spread the ideas of the Enlightenment, for which she was frequently and ferociously attacked by conservatives, including Carlo Gozzi.