Carlos Manuel de Céspedes

(redirected from Carlos Manuel de Cespedes)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Céspedes, Carlos Manuel de


Born Apr. 18, 1819, in Bayamo; died Feb. 27, 1874, in San Lorenzo. A leader in Cuba’s Ten Years’ War (1868–78), against the Spanish colonialists.

The son of a well-to-do planter, Céspedes studied in Havana and at the universities of Barcelona and Madrid. After freeing his own slaves, he called on them to take part in the liberation struggle. In October 1868 he assumed command of the army of liberation and promulgated the manifesto “A Call From Yara,” which declared Cuba independent. In 1869 he helped draft the first Cuban constitution. In 1874 he was taken prisoner by the Spanish and executed. A great Cuban patriot, Céspedes is known as the father of his country.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Day is commemorated as Cuba's second most significant dates in their history, the 65th anniversary of the Assault on the Barracks Guillermon Moncada and Carlos Manuel de Cespedes.
Less controversial is the Carlos Manuel de Cespedes thermal power plant, which began operations in 1978 with a generating capacity of 398 megawatts, equivalent to 12% of Cuba's total generating capacity.
Notably, Carlos Manuel de Cespedes freed his slaves so that they could fight for Cuban Independence, and from the very beginning ex-slaves fought alongside their former masters in the independence army.
Gonzalez had tears in his eyes when Castro pinned on his dark suit the Carlos Manuel de Cespedes medal and compared Elian's father to Cespedes, an independence hero and the father of Cuba.