Salinas de Gortari, Carlos

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Salinas de Gortari, Carlos,

1948–, president of Mexico (1988–94). A Harvard-educated political economist, he became minister of planning and the budget (1982–87) and succeeded Miguel de la Madrid Hurtadode la Madrid Hurtado, Miguel
, 1934–2012, Mexican public official, president of Mexico (1982–88). As minister of planning and budget in the cabinet of José López Portillo, he was influential in planning the utilization of Mexico's oil wealth to promote
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 as president in 1988. A member of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary partyInstitutional Revolutionary party,
Span. Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI), Mexican political party. Established in 1929 as the National Revolutionary party by former President Plutarco Calles, it brought together the country's governmental, military, and
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 (PRI) from his student days, he became the first PRI presidential candidate to face competitive elections. Salinas won with 50.4% of the vote, but his victory was the result of PRI fraud. As president, he worked to revive Mexico's economy by curbing inflation and reducing government regulations. He became the major promoter of the North American Free Trade AgreementNorth American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA), accord establishing a free-trade zone in North America; it was signed in 1992 by Canada, Mexico, and the United States and took effect on Jan. 1, 1994.
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 (NAFTA), and in signing the accord (1992) reversed Mexico's historical resistance to foreign investment and to U.S. involvement in its affairs.

Although Salinas's administration was praised for its economic reforms, it lost some of its luster when his brother Raúl was arrested and convicted in 1995 for the 1994 murder of a PRI official and was later (1996) accused of massive financial misappropriations. After Carlos Salinas responded by criticizing the Mexican government, he was pressured into de facto exile, only returning to Mexico in 2000. Raül's 1995 conviction was overturned in 2005, and in 2006 he was acquitted (in Switzerland) of money-laundering charges.

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References in periodicals archive ?
With: Julio Cesar Chavez, Julio Cesar Chavez Jr., Mike Tyson, Steve Wynn, Carlos Salinas de Gortari, Jose Agustin, Oscar De La Hoya, Bob Arum, Don King.
During the 1990s, AMLO twice stood unsuccessfully for the governorship of Tabasco and then moved to Mexico City, where he became a leader in the PRD as it challenged the dictatorship of Carlos Salinas de Gortari. This writer served as a speechwriter for Cardenas in the 1994 presidential campaign and saw firsthand the murders, beatings, and other acts of intimidation committed against members of the PRD.
The unavoidable reality is that in Mexico, as in many other countries, business success has always been linked to alliances with politicians, yet the author emphasizes Slims denials of any deal with government officials, To many critics, the apparently close relationship between Slim and ex-president Carlos Salinas de Gortari propelled his success.
The Church and other religious professions were not legally recognized until 1992 during Carlos Salinas de Gortari's administration.
In the Chamber of Deputies, the delegation from the center-right Partido Accion Nacional (PAN) went so far as to suggest that the killing was engineered by Raul Salinas de Gortari, brother of former president Carlos Salinas de Gortari. "The PAN delegation in the Chamber of Deputies is convinced that the same person who ordered the assassination of [former PRI secretary general] Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu was the instigator in the Colosio case," said PAN Deputy Javier Castelo Parada, a member of the special legislative commission to investigate the Colosio case.
One reason: President Ernesto Zedillo supports social investment policies launched by former President Carlos Salinas de Gortari. One of these, the Solidarity program, emphasizes grass-roots investment, empowering rural areas to participate in community planning.
Now the next president will almost certainly be Ernesto Zedillo, a candidate more likely than Colosio to continue the successful economic policies of President Carlos Salinas de Gortari.