Salinas de Gortari, Carlos

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Salinas de Gortari, Carlos,

1948–, president of Mexico (1988–94). A Harvard-educated political economist, he became minister of planning and the budget (1982–87) and succeeded Miguel de la Madrid Hurtadode la Madrid Hurtado, Miguel
, 1934–2012, Mexican public official, president of Mexico (1982–88). As minister of planning and budget in the cabinet of José López Portillo, he was influential in planning the utilization of Mexico's oil wealth to promote
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 as president in 1988. A member of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary partyInstitutional Revolutionary party,
Span. Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI), Mexican political party. Established in 1929 as the National Revolutionary party by former President Plutarco Calles, it brought together the country's governmental, military, and
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 (PRI) from his student days, he became the first PRI presidential candidate to face competitive elections. Salinas won with 50.4% of the vote, but his victory was the result of PRI fraud. As president, he worked to revive Mexico's economy by curbing inflation and reducing government regulations. He became the major promoter of the North American Free Trade AgreementNorth American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA), accord establishing a free-trade zone in North America; it was signed in 1992 by Canada, Mexico, and the United States and took effect on Jan. 1, 1994.
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 (NAFTA), and in signing the accord (1992) reversed Mexico's historical resistance to foreign investment and to U.S. involvement in its affairs.

Although Salinas's administration was praised for its economic reforms, it lost some of its luster when his brother Raúl was arrested and convicted in 1995 for the 1994 murder of a PRI official and was later (1996) accused of massive financial misappropriations. After Carlos Salinas responded by criticizing the Mexican government, he was pressured into de facto exile, only returning to Mexico in 2000. Raül's 1995 conviction was overturned in 2005, and in 2006 he was acquitted (in Switzerland) of money-laundering charges.

References in periodicals archive ?
Jesusa Cervantes, a columnist for the weekly news magazine Proceso, compares Pena Nieto's situation to that of another former PRI president, Carlos Salinas de Gortari (1988-2004), who is considered his mentor.
The failed Grupo Domos telecom deal between Fidel Castro and then-President Carlos Salinas de Gortari in the mid-1990s is one example of the scale and range of businesses that Mexico's corporate sector has been trying to implement in Cuba over the last 20 years (see CubaNews, October 2013, page 7).
In 1992, trade representatives of the United States, Canada and Mexico initialed the North American Free Trade Agreement during a ceremony in San Antonio, Texas under the watchful eyes of Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari, U.
with photo) MEXICO CITY, Oct 25 (KUNA) -- The former Mexican president, Carlos Salinas de Gortari, who supported Kuwait against the 1990 Iraqi invasion, is "looking forward" to visit the Gulf country very soon.
Past recipients of the Good Neighbor Award include Carlos Slim Helu, chairman of Grupo Carso; Lorenzo Zambrano, chairman of Cemex, as well as ambassadors and ministers on both sides of the border, and two past Mexican presidents: Ernesto Zedillo and Carlos Salinas de Gortari.
Certainly it was a vast improvement over Mexican elections of the recent past, such as the one in 1988 that gave the presidency to Carlos Salinas de Gortari after voting in which results were never made public.
During the 1990s, AMLO twice stood unsuccessfully for the governorship of Tabasco and then moved to Mexico City, where he became a leader in the PRD as it challenged the dictatorship of Carlos Salinas de Gortari.
The unavoidable reality is that in Mexico, as in many other countries, business success has always been linked to alliances with politicians, yet the author emphasizes Slims denials of any deal with government officials, To many critics, the apparently close relationship between Slim and ex-president Carlos Salinas de Gortari propelled his success.
Everyone from Carlos Salinas de Gortari of Mexico to Manuel Noriega to the contras in Nicaragua to the Mujahedin in Afghanistan.
A Milan newspaper said Tuesday that an unidentified cardinal attending last month's consistory at the Vatican turned over to Vatican authorities nine compact disks containing new evidence linking the assassination to former Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari and his brother Raul.
In the 1988 elections, Cardenas had a strong lead in the polls over rival Carlos Salinas de Gortari of the PRI.
FORMER Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari is a jinx on his nation because each time he returns home there's an earthquake.