Carlos the Jackal


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Carlos the Jackal,

pseud. of the revolutionary and international terrorist Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, 1949–, b. Caracas, Venezuela. Son of an affluent Marxist lawyer, he joined the Communist party at 15 and may have had guerrilla warfare training in Cuba; he later attended university in Moscow. A member (1970–75) of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, he acquired the name Carlos ("the Jackal" was added later by the press) and committed (1973) his first confirmed terrorist act, a botched assassination attempt in London. Becoming a widely feared terrorist with his own small network of operatives, he allegedly worked during the 1970s and 80s for Muammar al-Qaddafi, Saddam Hussein, and Fidel Castro, for revolutionary groups, and for East European security agencies. He is said to have been responsible for more than 80 deaths as well as hijackings, bombings, and other violent acts. His most notorious exploit occurred in 1975 in Vienna when he held OPEC oil ministers hostage. Captured (1994) in Sudan by French agents, he was tried (1997) in France, convicted of murder in a 1975 case, and sentenced to life in prison. In 2011 he received a second life sentence in a case arising from bombings in 1982–83.

Bibliography

See biography by J. Follain (1998, repr. 2000).

References in periodicals archive ?
Paris: Notorious Venezuelan militant Carlos the Jackal returned to court in Paris on Monday to appeal his conviction for a series of deadly bombings in France 30 years ago.
Bulgaria's Deputy Interior Minister pointed out that SOUD contains information indicating that a number of high-profile terrorists visited or stayed in Bulgaria before 1990, including Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, more widely known as Carlos the Jackal (whose trial just began in Paris), the assassin of Pope John Paul II Mehmet Ali Agca, as well as members of the Grey Wolves (Bozkurtlar in Turkish), the Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas, Al Qaeda, the Italian Red Brigades, among others.
A smiling and defiant Carlos the Jackal has begun his trial in Paris in connection with four bomb attacks that killed 11 people in France in the 1980s.
Central European streets are known for changing their names as often as Carlos the Jackal, or at least as often as a war - whether ideological or using real bullets - is lost or won.
"Carlos the Jackal," as the press fawningly called Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, was the first modern terrorist superstar.
Carlos the Jackal is one of the most menacing terrorists of the twentieth century.
*** Carlos: The Movie (15) The shortened (166 mins) of the five-hour French miniseries about 70s terrorist Carlos The Jackal. (Fri-Sun, mac) Due Date (15) Hangover's Todd Phillips' bromance road trip spins Planes, Trains And Automobiles as uptight Robert Downey Jr, excellent as ever, is forced to hitch a ride with clueless aspiring actor Zach Galifianakis to make it to his child's birth on time.
the his CARLOS THE JACKAL (Cert 15, 158 mins) OLIVIER Assayas's epic examines the rise to notoriety of the terrorist known as Carlos the Jackal (Edgar Ramirez).
Carlos by Olivier Assayas, which narrates the story of the notorious international revolutionary Carlos the Jackal, was awarded the Jury Special Mention for rendering the complex portrait of an era, a region and a controversial character.
BLUE MURDER Carlos Tevez makes Chelsea pay with a stunning strike after 59 minutes 0 CARLOS THE JACKAL: Tevez takes the applause after scoring City's winner
He also includes security reports, correspondence between Carlos the Jackal and other conspirators, and other materials in a series of appendices.
AL-QAEDA are ready to unleash a wave of attacks against Britain and the West based on the exploits of notorious terrorist Carlos the Jackal, spy chiefs fear.