Carlos the Jackal

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Carlos the Jackal,

pseud. of the revolutionary and international terrorist Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, 1949–, b. Caracas, Venezuela. Son of an affluent Marxist lawyer, he joined the Communist party at 15 and may have had guerrilla warfare training in Cuba; he later attended university in Moscow. A member (1970–75) of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, he acquired the name Carlos ("the Jackal" was added later by the press) and committed (1973) his first confirmed terrorist act, a botched assassination attempt in London. Becoming a widely feared terrorist with his own small network of operatives, he allegedly worked during the 1970s and 80s for Muammar al-Qaddafi, Saddam Hussein, and Fidel Castro, for revolutionary groups, and for East European security agencies. He is said to have been responsible for more than 80 deaths as well as hijackings, bombings, and other violent acts. His most notorious exploit occurred in 1975 in Vienna when he held OPEC oil ministers hostage. Captured (1994) in Sudan by French agents, he was tried (1997) in France, convicted of murder in a 1975 case, and sentenced to life in prison. In 2011 he received a second life sentence in a case arising from bombings in 1982–83.


See biography by J. Follain (1998, repr. 2000).

References in periodicals archive ?
Bulgaria's Deputy Interior Minister pointed out that SOUD contains information indicating that a number of high-profile terrorists visited or stayed in Bulgaria before 1990, including Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, more widely known as Carlos the Jackal (whose trial just began in Paris), the assassin of Pope John Paul II Mehmet Ali Agca, as well as members of the Grey Wolves (Bozkurtlar in Turkish), the Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas, Al Qaeda, the Italian Red Brigades, among others.
A smiling and defiant Carlos the Jackal has begun his trial in Paris in connection with four bomb attacks that killed 11 people in France in the 1980s.
The film includes eleven languages, more than 100 speaking roles, and covers more than two decades of international terrorism with regard to Carlos the Jackal.
1994 Carlos the Jackal was held under armed guard in Paris.
He also includes security reports, correspondence between Carlos the Jackal and other conspirators, and other materials in a series of appendices.
AL-QAEDA are ready to unleash a wave of attacks against Britain and the West based on the exploits of notorious terrorist Carlos the Jackal, spy chiefs fear.
1994: Terrorist Carlos the Jackal was held under armed guard in Paris.
In an interview Sunday with Kyodo News at Khieu Samphan's home in Phnom Penh, Jacques Verges, whose former clients include former-Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie and the terrorist Carlos the Jackal, said he was excited at the chance to defend his old friend.
Among the most notorious atrocities thought to have been committed by terrorist Carlos the Jackal were attacks on French trains in which seven people died in 1982 and1983.
Jacques Verges, who has represented Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie and international guerrilla Carlos the Jackal, said hiding Saddam away was against international conventions.
Perhaps the best form of symbolic endorsement for Libya's new image came from the terrorist Carlos the Jackal.
Carlos the Jackal, the notorious terrorist was reputed to have killed perhaps 80 or 90 people in his terrorist career, most of them not women and children.