Carmagnole


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Carmagnole

 

(from Carmagnola, a city in Piedmont, Italy), a French revolutionary folk song and dance.

The carmagnole was first sung in Paris shortly after the taking of the Tuileries on Aug. 10, 1792. The original lyrics, which were composed by citizens of Marseille, were set to a traditional folk tune that accompanied round dances of southern France. Later, various lyrics were improvised. The carmagnole was banned by Napoleon I when he was first consul; however, the song reappeared during the revolutions of 1830 and 1848 and during the heroic days of the Paris Commune of 1871 (words by G. B. Clemant and others). Until the appearance of the “Internationale,” the carmagnole was the most popular song of French workers. In the early 1920’s, it became popular among Soviet youth in a version with lyrics by V. M. Kirshon.

REFERENCES

T’erso, Zh. Pesni i prazdnestva frantsuzskoi revolutsii. Moscow, 1933. Pages 95–100. (Translated from French.)
Khokhlovkina, A. “Iz istorii pesen frantsuzskoi revoliutsii.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1961, no. 12.
References in periodicals archive ?
On December 12 that year, Mr Carmagnole was assaulted while walking to his home in Oxford Road, Bootle, following a night out in the city centre with friends.
CLEARED: Mark Foster has been cleared of the murder of Roland Carmagnole, left
Pas d'entr' acte pour la revolution" La Carmagnole des muses.
On December 12 that year, Mr Carmagnole was attacked while walking to his home in Bootle following a night out in the city centre with friends.
Mark Forster, 41, appeared at Liverpool Crown Court and denied murdering 27-year-old Roland Carmagnole as he walked along Scotland Road, Liverpool, in 1987.
In similar transports of fraternal feeling, the villagers in Alexis and Rosette dance the carmagnole around their Liberty tree and sing of equality, devotion to country, and above all, unity.
Student Roland Carmagnole was battered to death as he walked home along Scotland Road in Liverpool in 1987.
Roland Carmagnole was 27 when he was battered to death with a piece of wood as he walked along Scotland Road 18 years ago.
David Steer QC, prosecuting, told the court on December 12, 1987, Mr Carmagnole was walking to his home in Oxford Road, Bootle following a night out.
Liverpool crown court heard Mark Forster was picked up for the killing of Roland Carmagnole because it had been "playing on the mind" of a former friend.
Roland Carmagnole was beaten round the head with a plank of wood, breaking every bone in his face and fracturing his skull twice.
Roland Carmagnole, originally from Mauritius, died after he was attacked with a 3ft piece of wood in Liverpool on December 13, 1987.