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(from Carmagnola, a city in Piedmont, Italy), a French revolutionary folk song and dance.
The carmagnole was first sung in Paris shortly after the taking of the Tuileries on Aug. 10, 1792. The original lyrics, which were composed by citizens of Marseille, were set to a traditional folk tune that accompanied round dances of southern France. Later, various lyrics were improvised. The carmagnole was banned by Napoleon I when he was first consul; however, the song reappeared during the revolutions of 1830 and 1848 and during the heroic days of the Paris Commune of 1871 (words by G. B. Clemant and others). Until the appearance of the “Internationale,” the carmagnole was the most popular song of French workers. In the early 1920’s, it became popular among Soviet youth in a version with lyrics by V. M. Kirshon.
REFERENCEST’erso, Zh. Pesni i prazdnestva frantsuzskoi revolutsii. Moscow, 1933. Pages 95–100. (Translated from French.)
Khokhlovkina, A. “Iz istorii pesen frantsuzskoi revoliutsii.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1961, no. 12.