Carmagnole


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Carmagnole

 

(from Carmagnola, a city in Piedmont, Italy), a French revolutionary folk song and dance.

The carmagnole was first sung in Paris shortly after the taking of the Tuileries on Aug. 10, 1792. The original lyrics, which were composed by citizens of Marseille, were set to a traditional folk tune that accompanied round dances of southern France. Later, various lyrics were improvised. The carmagnole was banned by Napoleon I when he was first consul; however, the song reappeared during the revolutions of 1830 and 1848 and during the heroic days of the Paris Commune of 1871 (words by G. B. Clemant and others). Until the appearance of the “Internationale,” the carmagnole was the most popular song of French workers. In the early 1920’s, it became popular among Soviet youth in a version with lyrics by V. M. Kirshon.

REFERENCES

T’erso, Zh. Pesni i prazdnestva frantsuzskoi revolutsii. Moscow, 1933. Pages 95–100. (Translated from French.)
Khokhlovkina, A. “Iz istorii pesen frantsuzskoi revoliutsii.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1961, no. 12.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of all the popular songs of revolutionary tendency that illustrate numerous glorious or tragic exploits in the fight of the working and peasant masses against tyranny, power, and autocracy, and that the revolutionary tradition has consecrated, 'La Carmagnole' is the only one--except for 'L'Internationale--that has continually remained in favour among the proletarians.
Mr Carmagnole was assaulted while walking to his home in Oxford Road, Bootle, after a night out.
On December 12 that year, Mr Carmagnole was assaulted while walking to his home in Oxford Road, Bootle, following a night out in the city centre with friends.
"Pas d'entr' acte pour la revolution" La Carmagnole des muses.
"La `sainte-masure', sanctuaire de la parole fondatrice." La Carmagnole des muses.
He trained his dog to bark at the approach of anyone wearing the revolutionary carmagnole or the uniform of the National Guard; the animal was reputed to be able to sniff out a Jacobin at more than 100 metres.
It's still more remarkable that he had accomplished this in a hostile political environment and that the central thrust of his artistry is to celebrate the energies of revolution with a kind of pentecostal agitprop that is like a full-lenght opera version of the carmagnole, an ecstatic summons to the barricades.
They will not be there to dance the Carmagnole, but to bury the French Revolution with faint rather than fulsome praise.
A very early rewriting dates back to the end of the 18th century, when, in the South of Italy, the army of the Holy Faith opposed the Neapoleonic conquest of Naples to the fiendish rhythm of the Italian version of the French Carmagnole in Canto dei Sanfedisti ("Song of the Holy Faith Army").
Mark Forster, 41, is accused at Liverpool crown court of attacking 27-year-old Roland Carmagnole as he walked along Scotland Road in 1987.
Mark Forster, 41, appeared at Liverpool Crown Court and denied murdering 27-year-old Roland Carmagnole as he walked along Scotland Road, Liverpool, in 1987.
In similar transports of fraternal feeling, the villagers in Alexis and Rosette dance the carmagnole around their Liberty tree and sing of equality, devotion to country, and above all, unity.