Carmagnole


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Carmagnole

 

(from Carmagnola, a city in Piedmont, Italy), a French revolutionary folk song and dance.

The carmagnole was first sung in Paris shortly after the taking of the Tuileries on Aug. 10, 1792. The original lyrics, which were composed by citizens of Marseille, were set to a traditional folk tune that accompanied round dances of southern France. Later, various lyrics were improvised. The carmagnole was banned by Napoleon I when he was first consul; however, the song reappeared during the revolutions of 1830 and 1848 and during the heroic days of the Paris Commune of 1871 (words by G. B. Clemant and others). Until the appearance of the “Internationale,” the carmagnole was the most popular song of French workers. In the early 1920’s, it became popular among Soviet youth in a version with lyrics by V. M. Kirshon.

REFERENCES

T’erso, Zh. Pesni i prazdnestva frantsuzskoi revolutsii. Moscow, 1933. Pages 95–100. (Translated from French.)
Khokhlovkina, A. “Iz istorii pesen frantsuzskoi revoliutsii.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1961, no. 12.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Carmagnole was assaulted while walking to his home in Oxford Road, Bootle, after a night out.
On December 12 that year, Mr Carmagnole was assaulted while walking to his home in Oxford Road, Bootle, following a night out in the city centre with friends.
Mr Carmagnole was attacked while walking to his home in Bootle after a night out with friends.
On December 12 that year, Mr Carmagnole was attacked while walking to his home in Bootle following a night out in the city centre with friends.
A post mortem examination concluded Mr Carmagnole died as a result of blunt force head injuries.
David Steer QC, prosecuting, told the court on December 12, 1987, Mr Carmagnole was walking to his home in Oxford Road, Bootle following a night out.
Passer-by Hugh Kirk, who has since died, told police at the time that he heard a thudding sound before he discovered Mr Carmagnole slumped against railings at the side of the road and raised the alarm.
Jurors heard Mr Carmagnole suffered fractures to nearly every bone in his face and a fractured skull.
A Merseyside Police spokeswoman said: "Merseyside Police has charged a 41-year-old man with the murder of 27-year-old student Roland Carmagnole.
Roland Carmagnole, originally from Mauritius, died after he was attacked with a 3ft piece of wood in Liverpool on December 13, 1987.
Roland Carmagnole, 27, was kicked to the ground and beaten with a plank of wood as he walked home along Scotland Road in December, 1987.
Mark James Forster is accused of battering Roland Carmagnole, 27, to death as he walked along Scotland Road in December 1987.