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(kär`məlīts), Roman Catholic order of mendicant friars. Originally a group of hermits, apparently European, living on Mt. Carmel in Palestine, their supervision was undertaken (c.1150) by St. Berthold. In 1238 they moved to Cyprus, and thence to Western Europe. St. Simon Stock (d. 1265), an Englishman, was their second founder. He transformed them into an order of friars resembling Dominicans and Franciscans and founded monasteries at Oxford, Cambridge, Paris, and Bologna. They rapidly became prominent in university life. An enclosed order of Carmelite nuns was established. The Carmelites, like other orders, declined in the 15th cent. They were revived by St. TheresaTheresa or Teresa, Saint
(Theresa of Ávila) , 1515–82, Spanish Carmelite nun, Doctor of the Church, one of the principal saints of the Roman Catholic Church, one of the greatest mystics, and a leading
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 (of Ávila) and St. John of the CrossJohn of the Cross, Saint,
Span. Juan de la Cruz, 1542–91, Spanish mystic and poet, Doctor of the Church. His name was originally Juan de Yepes. He was a founder of the Discalced Carmelites and a close friend of St.
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 in 16th-century Spain. These great contemplatives gave the order a special orientation toward mysticism. Their reformed branch is the Discalced (or Barefoot) Carmelites; it is now more numerous than the Carmelites of the Old Observance. The Discalced Carmelites cultivate the contemplative life in all aspects, and they have produced many works on mystical theology. St. TheresaTheresa or Thérèse, Saint
(Theresa of Lisieux), 1873–97, French Carmelite nun, one of the most widely loved saints of the Roman Catholic Church, b. Alençon.
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 (of Lisieux) is a well-known Discalced Carmelite of the 19th cent. In 1790 the first community came to the United States and settled near Port Tobacco, Md. There are presently about 6,900 priests and brothers living in Carmelite communities, with 500 living in the United States.


See E. A. Peers, Spirit of Flame (1944, repr. 1961); P. Rohrback, Journey to the Carith (1966).



members of a Catholic mendicant monastic order, founded in the second half of the 12th century in Palestine by the Italian crusader Berthold.

The Carmelites’ first monastic community was located on Mount Carmel (hence the name). Their rule was approved byPope Honorius III in 1226. After the failure of the Crusades, theCarmelites moved to Western Europe (13th century), whereunder Pope Innocent IV they were turned into a mendicantorder in 1245 or 1247. In the 16th century the order was againreformed, after which it split into two branches (the Carmelitesand the Discalced, or Barefoot, Carmelites). In 1972 the ordernumbered about 8, 000 monks; the women’s order of Carmelites(established in the 15th century) numbered more than 12, 000nuns.

References in classic literature ?
In plain words,' he said, 'the priest of the Catholic chapel close by has converted her; and she is now a novice in a convent of Carmelite nuns in the West of England.
You and your poor aunt are worse off than Carmelite nuns in their cells.
Though both spent many years of devotion residing in communal monasteries with other Carmelite nuns, it was their desire to live more fully the spirituality of the monks of Mount Carmel that led them into the wilderness, to seek "the original charism," that of the first Carmelite hermits.
She fondly recalls the memorable trip they took to visit Carmelite nuns at a 250-year-old convent near Baltimore: "We spent the afternoon speaking with them, and we sang excerpts of the operas.
In lieu of flowers, remembrances to Carmelite Nuns in Eugene.
There is not much onstage action in the opera (rather like Greek tragedy) until the chilling mass guillotining of the Carmelite nuns at the end, but the singing and commitment of these talented young people kept us all engrossed.
Convergence - business center design - creating a contemporary wing at the former convent of carmelite nuns, former barracks major sabbe located 4, rue des black sisters in 7000 mons.
The Carmelite nuns that come to life as they go to their deaths in Poulenc's opera were introduced to the literary world in 1931 by Gertrud von Le Fort, author of Die Letzte, am Schafotl (The Last at the Scaffold).
She had been a teacher and lecturer until 1970, when ill health forced her to retire; she then began living under the protection of Carmelite nuns in Norfolk and, in 1980, decided to concentrate her two hours of study per day on art.
Felt's machinations and deceptions at the apex of the FBI make Nixon's White House appear in retrospect to have been a cloistered convent of Carmelite nuns.
The book also contains illustrations by the Carmelite nuns of the Carmel of the Magnifi-cat, Wolverhampton, who will also benefit from book sales.
YOU can't put a price on privacy - and neither can the community of 30 (almost) silent Carmelite nuns who are quitting the increasing urban intrusion of their 100-year West Derby base where folk can now see into the monastery gardens.