Carmelites


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Carmelites

(kär`məlīts), Roman Catholic order of mendicant friars. Originally a group of hermits, apparently European, living on Mt. Carmel in Palestine, their supervision was undertaken (c.1150) by St. Berthold. In 1238 they moved to Cyprus, and thence to Western Europe. St. Simon Stock (d. 1265), an Englishman, was their second founder. He transformed them into an order of friars resembling Dominicans and Franciscans and founded monasteries at Oxford, Cambridge, Paris, and Bologna. They rapidly became prominent in university life. An enclosed order of Carmelite nuns was established. The Carmelites, like other orders, declined in the 15th cent. They were revived by St. TheresaTheresa or Teresa, Saint
(Theresa of Ávila) , 1515–82, Spanish Carmelite nun, Doctor of the Church, one of the principal saints of the Roman Catholic Church, one of the greatest mystics, and a leading
..... Click the link for more information.
 (of Ávila) and St. John of the CrossJohn of the Cross, Saint,
Span. Juan de la Cruz, 1542–91, Spanish mystic and poet, Doctor of the Church. His name was originally Juan de Yepes. He was a founder of the Discalced Carmelites and a close friend of St.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 16th-century Spain. These great contemplatives gave the order a special orientation toward mysticism. Their reformed branch is the Discalced (or Barefoot) Carmelites; it is now more numerous than the Carmelites of the Old Observance. The Discalced Carmelites cultivate the contemplative life in all aspects, and they have produced many works on mystical theology. St. TheresaTheresa or Thérèse, Saint
(Theresa of Lisieux), 1873–97, French Carmelite nun, one of the most widely loved saints of the Roman Catholic Church, b. Alençon.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (of Lisieux) is a well-known Discalced Carmelite of the 19th cent. In 1790 the first community came to the United States and settled near Port Tobacco, Md. There are presently about 6,900 priests and brothers living in Carmelite communities, with 500 living in the United States.

Bibliography

See E. A. Peers, Spirit of Flame (1944, repr. 1961); P. Rohrback, Journey to the Carith (1966).

Carmelites

 

members of a Catholic mendicant monastic order, founded in the second half of the 12th century in Palestine by the Italian crusader Berthold.

The Carmelites’ first monastic community was located on Mount Carmel (hence the name). Their rule was approved byPope Honorius III in 1226. After the failure of the Crusades, theCarmelites moved to Western Europe (13th century), whereunder Pope Innocent IV they were turned into a mendicantorder in 1245 or 1247. In the 16th century the order was againreformed, after which it split into two branches (the Carmelitesand the Discalced, or Barefoot, Carmelites). In 1972 the ordernumbered about 8, 000 monks; the women’s order of Carmelites(established in the 15th century) numbered more than 12, 000nuns.

References in periodicals archive ?
Carmelite Fr Ryan, who spent two years organising the tour, said security surrounding the tour will be tight.
In 1622, the year she was canonized, Archbishop Perez de la Serna named her patron saint of Mexico City, and in convents throughout the Spanish colonies Carmelite nuns wrote autobiographies in imitation of Teresa's Life.
It's possible that "Carmelites" -- like, say, "Wozzeck" -- is one of those defining 20th century works so inherently powerful, both musically and melodically, that a director committed to it can scarcely go astray: its Metropolitan Opera staging by John Dexter remains one of that house's noted contemporary repertoire triumphs.
It was in 1923 that the first Carmelites set foot on Philippine soil with the arrival of four French Carmelite nuns from a Carmelite monastery in Hue, Vietnam.
Main features: this consultation concerns the implementation of a "traffic study near the site of the Carmelites and Boulevard Saint Eloi ".
The Alhambra Carmelites are a relatively young community, with 33 of the 127 sisters above the age of 70.
There are evident similarities with previous prescriptive manuals, such as the famous Instructiones fabricae et supellectilis ecclesiasticae by the Cardinal of Milan, Carlo Borromeo (1577), (12) but also with the autarchic-style method developed by the Jesuits, their "modo nostro." (13) But the original character of the serial architecture by Discalced Carmelites should also be emphasized: the serial architecture developed according to type and dimension codes derived directly from the Hispanic roots of the constitutional rules.
Nevada (US), Feb 14 (ANI): In a remarkable interfaith gesture, Carmelite nuns and well-known Hindu statesman Rajan Zed prayed together in Reno (Nevada, USA) on February 13 for the "peace and love" of humanity.
The libretto and setting are so compelling in Carmelites that the voices run the risk of playing second fiddle to the stage.
McManus officially dissolved the diocese's recognition of the Carmelites, saying the community was too small to
Furthermore, the Carmelites championed the canonisation of a local man, and one of their own, Andrea Corsini, in ways that invoked a similar set of associations: the importance of the Madonna del Popolo to local women (it miraculously aided his conception), the church as a site of miracles (where Andrea's ghost was said to have foretold a great military victory for Florence), his miraculous cures (as a sign of his holiness), and the use of Saint Peter as a template for his hagiography.
Almost any Catholic spiritual tradition prizes silent prayer, but it is especially important in the spirituality of the Carmelites. The Carmelite orders of priests and sisters have no known founder, having begun among hermits living in the Mt.