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(kär`məlīts), Roman Catholic order of mendicant friars. Originally a group of hermits, apparently European, living on Mt. Carmel in Palestine, their supervision was undertaken (c.1150) by St. Berthold. In 1238 they moved to Cyprus, and thence to Western Europe. St. Simon Stock (d. 1265), an Englishman, was their second founder. He transformed them into an order of friars resembling Dominicans and Franciscans and founded monasteries at Oxford, Cambridge, Paris, and Bologna. They rapidly became prominent in university life. An enclosed order of Carmelite nuns was established. The Carmelites, like other orders, declined in the 15th cent. They were revived by St. TheresaTheresa or Teresa, Saint
(Theresa of Ávila) , 1515–82, Spanish Carmelite nun, Doctor of the Church, one of the principal saints of the Roman Catholic Church, one of the greatest mystics, and a leading
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 (of Ávila) and St. John of the CrossJohn of the Cross, Saint,
Span. Juan de la Cruz, 1542–91, Spanish mystic and poet, Doctor of the Church. His name was originally Juan de Yepes. He was a founder of the Discalced Carmelites and a close friend of St.
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 in 16th-century Spain. These great contemplatives gave the order a special orientation toward mysticism. Their reformed branch is the Discalced (or Barefoot) Carmelites; it is now more numerous than the Carmelites of the Old Observance. The Discalced Carmelites cultivate the contemplative life in all aspects, and they have produced many works on mystical theology. St. TheresaTheresa or Thérèse, Saint
(Theresa of Lisieux), 1873–97, French Carmelite nun, one of the most widely loved saints of the Roman Catholic Church, b. Alençon.
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 (of Lisieux) is a well-known Discalced Carmelite of the 19th cent. In 1790 the first community came to the United States and settled near Port Tobacco, Md. There are presently about 6,900 priests and brothers living in Carmelite communities, with 500 living in the United States.


See E. A. Peers, Spirit of Flame (1944, repr. 1961); P. Rohrback, Journey to the Carith (1966).



members of a Catholic mendicant monastic order, founded in the second half of the 12th century in Palestine by the Italian crusader Berthold.

The Carmelites’ first monastic community was located on Mount Carmel (hence the name). Their rule was approved byPope Honorius III in 1226. After the failure of the Crusades, theCarmelites moved to Western Europe (13th century), whereunder Pope Innocent IV they were turned into a mendicantorder in 1245 or 1247. In the 16th century the order was againreformed, after which it split into two branches (the Carmelitesand the Discalced, or Barefoot, Carmelites). In 1972 the ordernumbered about 8, 000 monks; the women’s order of Carmelites(established in the 15th century) numbered more than 12, 000nuns.

References in periodicals archive ?
Throwback Thursday: A cover story I was assigned to do in 1986 as a staff writer of the Sunday Inquirer Magazine was about the kidnapping of 10 contemplative Carmelite nuns in Marawi City.
Set in the mountains in an area dubbed the "Appalachia of the West," according to the community's website, the 80-acre tract includes a central building with guestrooms surrounded by five hermitages, where Lund and Casale welcome other nuns, secular Carmelites, diocesan clergy and apostolic sisters for private retreats and spiritual direction.
Donations may be made to The Community of Teresian Carmelites, Post Office Box 826, Worcester, MA 01613-0826.
There was, however, one unclear distraction to the production: why were Carmelites wearing red habits?
The presence of Carmelites in Persia in early modernity is absent from the consciousness of most theologians.
One can conclude that the centralized approach to architecture that had been developed by other orders--including, for example, the Jesuit Order--was followed by the Discalced Carmelites in order to create a clear spiritual image of the order.
YOU can't put a price on privacy - and neither can the community of 30 (almost) silent Carmelite nuns who are quitting the increasing urban intrusion of their 100-year West Derby base where folk can now see into the monastery gardens.
Boyce shows how the Carmelites remained independent from the local diocesan tradition, celebrating such distinctive feasts as the Commemoration of the Resurrection on the Sunday before Advent.
Nevada (US), Feb 14 (ANI): In a remarkable interfaith gesture, Carmelite nuns and well-known Hindu statesman Rajan Zed prayed together in Reno (Nevada, USA) on February 13 for the "peace and love" of humanity.
After two years of litigation, the Carmelites finally were able to take possession of the land.
FRANCIS POULENC'S DIALOGUES OF THE CARMELITES RANKS as one of the most Catholic operas of the twentieth century, as theologically insightful as it is lyrically beautiful.
She eventually won friends in both the church and the Spanish court and was able to continue founding monasteries of the community that became known as the Discalced Carmelites.