carnassial

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Related to Carnassials: carnassial teeth, sectorial teeth, Incisors

carnassial

[kär′nas·ē·əl]
(anatomy)
Of or pertaining to molar or premolar teeth specialized for cutting and shearing.
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The most noticeable shape differences between the sexes were in position of carnassial (LM 4) which was placed posterior in males, then, females had slightly greater coronoid process (LM 5), angular process (LM 8) and masseteric fossa (LM 9).
Therefore, we are in the presence of a group of forms that are characterised by: significantly larger dimensions than Hecubides euryodon; lower carnassial relatively short with a vertical paraconid and strong hypoconid (Figs.
Agnotherium was, and is, a genus which is difficult to define, because it was erected on the basis of an isolated m1 (Kaup, 1832), and the reconstruction of the upper dentition by Kuss (1962) on the basis of specimens from Frohnstetten, was questioned by Kurten (1976) which caused much confusion by emphasizing that the reduction of the molars, in comparison to the size of the carnassial was not excessively marked.
In canids, size regularity was found in all trophic characters measured (skull length, canine diameter, and lower carnassial length), although patterning was strongest in carnassial length (Dayan et al.
According to Ginsburg and Morales (1995), primitive Hemicyonidae with a tendency towards hypercarnivory and well-developed carnassials (P4 and m1).