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Carnatic(kärnă`tĭk), historic region in SE India, comprising roughly the area between the S Coromandel CoastCoromandel Coast
, east coast of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh states, SE India, stretching more than 400 mi (644 km) from Point Calimere, opposite the northern tip of Sri Lanka to the delta of the Krishna River.
..... Click the link for more information. of the Bay of Bengal and the DeccanDeccan
, region of India. Sometimes defined as all India S of the Narmada River, it is in a more limited sense the plateau of central peninsular India, including approximately all Karnataka and Telangana, S Andhra Pradesh, SE Maharashtra, and NW Tamil Nadu.
..... Click the link for more information. Plateau. The region comprised the domains of the nawabs of the Carnatic, who governed the territory (16th to early 17th cent.) under the Deccan sultans and (late 17th to early 18th cent.) under the Mughal emperors. The term evolved from Kanara, the Kanarese-speaking southern section of the Deccan Plateau, which was ruled by the VijayanagarVijayanagar
[Sanskrit,=city of victory], ruined city, SE India. It was the capital (14th–16th cent.) of the Hindu Vijayanagar empire, which embraced all India S of the Kistna River and shielded S India from the Muslim kingdoms of the north.
..... Click the link for more information. kings. When the Deccan sultans defeated them in 1565, they extended the term to include the country (the plains SE of the Deccan Plateau) to which the Vijayanagars retired. The English restricted the term to the plains area, which became the arena of their 18th-century with the French for supremacy in India, but the name is sometimes used to include the Malabar CoastMalabar Coast
, SW coast of India stretching c.525 mi (845 km) from Goa to the southern tip of the peninsula at Kanniyakumri (Cape Comorin), primarily in Kerala state and the northern part of Karnataka state. It is a narrow coastal plain bounded by the Western Ghats.
..... Click the link for more information. , where in the 15th cent. the Portuguese established the earliest European outposts in India. The term is also sometimes used to describe all of S India. It is sometimes spelled Karnatic.
a region in India between the Eastern Ghats and the Coromandel Coast; the area is populated by Tamils. In the first half of the 18th century, the principality (or nawabship) of the Carnatic was formed with its capital at Arcot; the principality played an important role in the political life of southern India. From 1746 to 1754, the Carnatic became the arena for a struggle between the French and British East India companies, ending with the victory of the British. The British protege Muhammad All became the ruler of the principality. In 1801 the territory of the Carnatic was included in the Indian province of Madras. After India gained independence in 1947, the Carnatic became part of the state of Madras, which was formed in 1950; in 1969, Madras was renamed Tamil Nadu.