Carneades


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Carneades

(kärnē`ədēz), 213–129 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Cyrene. He studied at Athens under Diogenes the Stoic, but reacted against Stoicism and joined the AcademyAcademy,
school founded by Plato near Athens c.387 B.C. It took its name from the garden (named for the hero Academus) in which it was located. Plato's followers met there for nine centuries until, along with other pagan schools, it was closed by Emperor Justinian in A.D. 529.
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, where he taught a skepticism similar to that of ArcesilausArcesilaus
, c.316–c.241 B.C., Greek philosopher of Pitane in Aeolis. He was the principal figure of the Middle Academy. Despite his position in the Academy, his teachings diverged from Platonic doctrine.
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. He denied the possibility of absolute certainty in knowledge; it is disputed whether he held that probable knowledge was adequate to guide a person's actions. He recognized three degrees of probability, and his teaching anticipated modern discussions of the nature of empirical knowledge.

Carneades

 

Born in 214 b.c.; died in 129 b.c. Native of Cyrene. Ancient Greek philosopher; head of Plato’s Academy and founder of the so-called New, or Third, Academy.

An adherent of skepticism, Carneades developed a theory of probability. He left no written works. Carneades was a member of the delegation of philosophers sent to Rome in 156–155 B.C.

REFERENCES

Rikhter, R. Skeptitsizm v filosofii, vol. 1. St. Petersburg, 1910. Pages 80–83.
Credaro, L. Lo scetticismo degli accademici, vols. 1–2. Milan, 1889–93.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hortensius e um convite a filosofia, muito famoso por ter inspirado Agostinho para sua conversao da retorica a filosofia e que hoje encontra-se perdido, restando somente fragmentos esparsos; ja Catullus e Lucullus tratam do ceticismo de Arcesilau, Carneades e Filon de Larissa e do platonismo/estoicismo de Antioco de Ascalon, mas e apenas o ultimo, Lucullus, que aqui nos interessa.
Plutarco (Cat., XXII.) nos recuerda otros hechos excluyentes de Caton, expulso a los filosofos griegos Carneades, Diogenes y Cristolao por, a su parecer, confundir a los romanos sobre la idea de justicia.
This strand of work continues to be expanded within the Structured Consultation Tool developed as part of the IMPACT project mentioned previously and the Carneades tools.
Me parece un tanto arriesgado definir como decadentes a Estrabon, Galeno, Plutarco, Alejandro de Afrodisias--destacado comentarista de Aristoteles--, Carneades, Eratostenes, Plotino, Jamblico, Porfirio, Epicuro, Zenon de Kition, Aecio y un largo etcetera.
Arcesilao propone a ese respecto el criterio y la actitud de vivir conforme a "lo razonable" (Sexto, M: 7.158) ; Carneades juzga apropiado atenerse a "las impresiones persuasivas" (M: 7.166-189) ; Enesidemo nego la existencia de los "fines" (como la felicidad, el placer o la sabiduria practica); y Sexto Empirico resume que el esceptico, en general, se guia por las "apariencias" (PH: 1.22) .
Carneades (Allen, 2004) leading the way by stating that we can still know that a thing is probable, or not probable, because some things are simply likely even if uncertain.
Aunque no podemos saber el contenido de las partes perdidas, sabemos que trataba de la exposicion de las posturas de Carneades y de Antioco y las refutaciones de cada una de ellas.
Na verdade, como explica justamente A., as relacoes de forca num sistema de poder ja tinham sido tematizadas por Cicero, no terceiro livro de Resp., onde o autor, mediante as personagens de Lelio e Filo, refere as antilogias de Carneades sobre a justica.
Como los coordinadores demuestran en la introduccion del libro, ya los academicos--como Carneades o Arcesilao--parecen desgajar como una consecuencia--digamos, natural--un escepticismo insito en la duda socratica original "solo se que no se nada".
For example, the formal and computational argumentation system CAS (1) (the Carneades Argumentation System) can be applied and will automatically tell the user whether the sequence represents a legitimate argument graph or not.
Arcesilau, assim como seus sucessores na Academia fundada por Platao, Clitomaco e Carneades, combateram os aristotelicos e os estoicos chamando atencao, favoravelmente, para a metodologia aporetica de Platao, e atacaram o que entendiam como uma interpretacao equivocada dos dogmaticos sobre os dialogos platonicos.