Carnegie, Hattie (b. Henrietta Kanengeiser)(1886–1956) fashion designer; born in Vienna, Austria. A childhood immigrant to New York City, she appropriated Andrew Carnegie's surname for her first hat shop (1909). Creating a major fashion house, Carnegie reinterpreted French haute couture for Americans; she popularized the "little Carnegie suit" and the simple black cocktail dress. She married John Zanft in 1927 but did not use his name in her public or professional life.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.