Caro, Sir Anthony Alfred

Caro, Sir Anthony Alfred,

1924–2014, British sculptor, one of the most important and influential modernist sculptors of the late 20th cent. Educated as an engineer (grad. Cambridge, 1944), he studied art after serving in the Royal Navy and was an assistant (1951–53) to Henry MooreMoore, Henry,
1898–1986, English sculptor. Moore's early sculpture was angular and rough, strongly influenced by pre-Columbian art. About 1928 he evolved a more personal style which has gained him an international reputation.
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. His early sculpture was figurative and expressionistic, but he became interested in the totemic abstract sculpture of David SmithSmith, David,
1906–65, American sculptor, b. Decatur, Ind. He arrived in New York City in 1926 and studied painting at the Art Students League. In the 1930s he began experimenting with sculpture and after 1935 he worked primarily in this medium.
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 and the work of Kenneth NolandNoland, Kenneth
, 1924–2010, American painter, b. Asheville, N.C. An outstanding colorist, Noland was one of the best-known exponents of the abstract painting movement known as color-field painting.
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, Jules OlitskiOlitski, Jules
, 1922–2006, American painter, b. Russia as Jevel Demikovsky. While considered a color-field painter (see color-field painting), Olitski produced works that are freer and less severe than many of those associated with the movement.
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, and other color-field painters during a 1959 trip to the United States. Caro began to make sprawling abstract metal sculpture of welded steel plates, beams, tubes, and mesh painted a bright color, e.g., Twenty-Four Hours (1960) and Prairie (1967). Beginning in 1966 he also created small abstract tabletop sculptures in steel and in bronze. He stopped using color in the 1970s and made more vertical pieces, often of rusted and varnished steel, e.g., Fossil Flats (1974). After Olympia (1988) is one of a series of large narrative pieces created following a 1985 trip to Greece, and figures entered his work again in such monumental works as The Last Judgement (1999) and The Barbarians (2002). Caro also worked closely with architects on various projects, e.g., Norman FosterFoster, Norman Robert, Baron Foster of Thames Bank,
1935–, British architect, b. Manchester, grad. Manchester Univ. school of architecture (1961), Yale school of architecture (M.A., 1962).
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 on London's Millennium Footbridge. He was knighted in 1987.
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