Carol II


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Carol II,

1893–1953, king of Romania, son of King FerdinandFerdinand,
1865–1927, king of Romania (1914–27), nephew of Carol I. The second son of the Prussian prince, Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, he was designated successor to the heirless Carol I in 1880.
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 and Queen MarieMarie
, 1875–1938, queen of Romania, consort of Ferdinand. The daughter of Alfred, duke of Edinburgh and of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, she was the granddaughter of Czar Alexander II of Russia and of Queen Victoria of England.
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. While crown prince, he contracted a morganatic marriage with Zizi Labrino but divorced her to marry (1921) Princess Helen of Greece. He soon formed a liaison with Magda LupescuLupescu, Magda
, 1896?–1977, wife of Carol II of Romania. Her given name was Elena. Carol renounced (1925) his succession to the throne for her, but after becoming king (1930) he installed her as his official mistress.
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, with whom he lived in Paris after being forced (1925) to renounce his right of succession. On the death (1927) of King Ferdinand, Carol's son MichaelMichael,
1921–2017, king of Romania (1927–30, 1940–47). His father, Prince Carol (later Carol II), renounced his right of succession in 1925, and young Michael ascended the throne under a regency on the death of Ferdinand.
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 became king, but Carol, having divorced Queen Helen in 1928, returned to Romania in 1930, supplanted his son, and had himself proclaimed king de jure since 1927. A turbulent period began (see RomaniaRomania
or Rumania
, republic (2015 est. pop. 19,877,000), 91,699 sq mi (237,500 sq km), SE Europe. It borders on Hungary in the northwest, on Serbia in the southwest, on Bulgaria in the south, on the Black Sea in the southeast, on Moldova in the northeast, and on
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). In 1938, Carol formed a royal dictatorship. A contest between the king and the fascist Iron GuardIron Guard,
Romanian nationalistic, anti-Semitic, and antiparliamentary group, founded in 1924 by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu. Originally named the Legion of the Archangel Michael, it was organized on military lines and operated through terrorism.
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 ensued, with assassinations and massacres on both sides. Forced to call on Ion AntonescuAntonescu, Ion
, 1882–1946, Romanian marshal and dictator. He served in World War I and later became chief of staff, but he fell into disfavor with King Carol II because of his pro-Nazi attitude and his suspected intrigues with the Iron Guard. In World War II, on Sept.
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 to form a government (1940), Carol was deposed and fled abroad with Lupescu, whom he finally married in Brazil in 1947. Michael once more became king. Carol died in Portugal, but his remains were returned to Romania in 2003.

Carol II

1893--1953, king of Romania (1930--40), who was deposed by the Iron Guard
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, King Carol II of Romania had a refined taste that he did not lose after he was exiled.
For Nae Ionescu, Carol II was the King, the successor of the dynasty and, in the same time, the salvation of the nation.
Prince Carol returned to Romania in 1930 and reclaimed his crown as King Carol II. This is a very rare case of a father succeeding his son as monarch.
Might it have been due to the fact that the Romanian politicians, led by the King Carol II, thought that the Versailles system would be defended?
1940King Carol II of Romania abdicate and succeed by his son Michael I.
Keywords: King Carol II, Constantin Argetoianu, executive power, internal policy, National Renaissance Front
Hitler ordered the cars in 1939 for his fellow dictators Josef Stalin and King Carol II of Romania, keeping one for his own personal use.
Our study is comprised of three distinct parts: the first part presents the idyllic image that some of his contemporaries were trying to create to King Carol II of Romania; the second part, the very short period of transition from eulogies to vehement criticism against the Sovereign, outlined by us through the presentation of articles that appeared in the newspaper Romania (the official newspaper of the political party founded by King Carol II--the National Renaissance Front).
Beginning with the year 1930, the moment that Carol II came to the Romanian throne, the King was attracted by the idea of increasing his political power.
Between the winter of 1938 and the autumn of 1940, the Romanian political life was dominated by a single party, King Carol II's creation, established on December 16th, 1938 (Buzatu, 2009: 25-31), under the name of the National Renaissance Front and transformed, on June 22nd, 1940, in the Party of the Nation (SANIC, Fund FRN, file no.
The researchers were not allowed to divide the Romanian history in the reign of Carol I, the reign of Ferdinand or the reign of Carol II etc.