Caroline Affair

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Caroline Affair.

In 1837 a group of men led by William Lyon MackenzieMackenzie, William Lyon,
1795–1861, Canadian journalist and insurgent leader, b. Scotland; grandfather of William Lyon Mackenzie King. Emigrating to Upper Canada in 1820, he published (1824–34), first at Queenston, then at York (later Toronto), his noted
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 rebelled in Upper Canada (now Ontario), demanding a more democratic government. There was much sympathy for their cause in the United States, and a small steamer, the Caroline, owned by U.S. citizens, carried men and supplies from the U.S. side of the Niagara river to the Canadian rebels on Navy Island just above Niagara Falls. On the night of Dec. 29, 1837, a small group of British and Canadians loyal to the Upper Canadian government crossed the river to the U.S. side where the Caroline was moored, loosed her, set fire to her, and sent her over the falls. One American was killed in the incident. Americans on the border were aroused to intense anti-British feeling, and soldiers under Gen. Winfield ScottScott, Winfield,
1786–1866, American general, b. near Petersburg, Va. Military Career

He briefly attended the College of William and Mary, studied law at Petersburg, and joined the military.
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 were rushed to the scene to prevent violent American action. The affair passed over, though it had an aftermath, when one of the men who had taken part in the attack boasted of that fact when he was in the United States and was arrested as a criminal. That matter, too, was smoothed over, but the Caroline Affair and the Aroostook War helped to make relations with Great Britain very tense in the years before the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
References in periodicals archive ?
The attorneys then quoted American case law stemming from the Caroline affair.
The author examines this radical heritage by first looking at Peterloo and the Queen Caroline affair and then at the writings not just of Dickens but of Jerrold, Hone and various Chartist writers.
Turning to public controversy, Mulvihill provides a lengthy examination of the parliamentary and public discourse surrounding the Caroline Affair of 1820-21, in which George IV, hoping to divorce his estranged wife Caroline, pressured parliament to bring a "Bill of Pains and Penalties" against her, resulting in a trial of sorts in the House of Lords (103).
The book is a group of essays which consider the topics of popular Jacobitism, the politics of war and dearth in 1756-57, the trial of Admiral Keppel, the Gordon Riots, the carnivalesque and the French Revolution, gender and public space, and crowd activities during the Queen Caroline affair of 1820.

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