Caroline of Brunswick


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Caroline of Brunswick,

1768–1821, consort of George IVGeorge IV,
1762–1830, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1820–30), eldest son and successor of George III. In 1785 he married Maria Anne Fitzherbert, a Roman Catholic.
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 of England. The daughter of Charles William Ferdinand, duke of Brunswick, she married George (then prince of Wales) in 1795. She bore him one daughter, but the couple separated in 1796 and Caroline, deprived of her child, lived in retirement. An accusation that she had borne an illegitimate child occasioned a commission of inquiry (1806), which found her innocent but imprudent. Caroline went abroad in 1814, but when George became king in 1820 she returned to claim her rights as queen. The government immediately instituted proceedings against her in the House of Lords for divorce on the grounds of adultery. Caroline was probably guilty of the charge, but her persecution by a profligate husband aroused popular sympathy for her and the bill was dropped.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Richardson (1960), E. F. L. Russell (1967), and F. Fraser (1996); R. Fulford, The Trial of Queen Caroline (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
Murray analyzes a number of James Gillray's political cartoons depicting the Prince's raucous life, his secret--and illegal--marriage to Maria Fitzherbert in 1785, for example; his marriage (to pay debts) in 1795 to Princess Caroline of Brunswick, and his dumping of her the following year; his sexual exploits and illegitimate children (134-37).
But the hapless Caroline of Brunswick was reputedly so dirty and smelly that George claimed he could not bear to touch her.
Of course, since -- as drama -- "Battle Royal" is even coarser than its heroine, the hapless princess Caroline of Brunswick (played by Zoe Wanamaker).
Nick Stafford's account of the disastrous 18th-century marriage of George Prince Of Wales and Caroline of Brunswick is plodding and ponderous.
It's about the disastrous an scandal-ridden marriage of George and Caroline of Brunswick.
The street was named after Princess Caroline of Brunswick, who later became Queen Caroline when George IV became King in 1820.
In the 18th century it was Caroline of Brunswick, who constantly bickered with her husband, George IV, and inspired the rhyme 'Queen, Queen Caroline.
The first one was brought by Queen Caroline of Brunswick to the court but the real image is of Queen Victoria and Albert with a Christmas tree who presented themselves in the media as the perfect family unit, especially at Christmas.
The Crown Estate aims to increase and develop awareness of heritage and saw the need to restore the street name, derived from Caroline of Brunswick, wife of George IV.