Caroline of Brunswick

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Caroline of Brunswick,

1768–1821, consort of George IVGeorge IV,
1762–1830, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1820–30), eldest son and successor of George III. In 1785 he married Maria Anne Fitzherbert, a Roman Catholic.
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 of England. The daughter of Charles William Ferdinand, duke of Brunswick, she married George (then prince of Wales) in 1795. She bore him one daughter, but the couple separated in 1796 and Caroline, deprived of her child, lived in retirement. An accusation that she had borne an illegitimate child occasioned a commission of inquiry (1806), which found her innocent but imprudent. Caroline went abroad in 1814, but when George became king in 1820 she returned to claim her rights as queen. The government immediately instituted proceedings against her in the House of Lords for divorce on the grounds of adultery. Caroline was probably guilty of the charge, but her persecution by a profligate husband aroused popular sympathy for her and the bill was dropped.


See biographies by J. Richardson (1960), E. F. L. Russell (1967), and F. Fraser (1996); R. Fulford, The Trial of Queen Caroline (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
Brunswick Road, between Islington and West Derby Road: In the early 19th century, Caroline of Brunswick was the popular wife of the rather less popular King George IV.
Caroline of Brunswick had a very unhappy marriage to George IV.
George IV secretly got married to Catholic Maria Fitzherbert, then wed Caroline of Brunswick.
The first one was brought by Queen Caroline of Brunswick to the court but the real image is of Queen Victoria and Albert with a Christmas tree who presented themselves in the media as the perfect family unit, especially at Christmas.
He said the street was named after Caroline of Brunswick, the wife of King George IV.
The square is, of course, named for Princess Caroline of Brunswick, the wife the Prince despised and spurned; nothing connected with Brunswick ever went at all "well" for the Prince.
This is a town on whose streets John Wesley once preached, and where George IV was reportedly delighted when told of the death of his wife Caroline of Brunswick.
Savage caricatures with satirical verse were reserved for George IV and his ill-fated marriage to Caroline of Brunswick and these mementoes seem remarkably similar to the way we treat such topics today.
This may sound all too recent and familiar but it is, in fact, the story of King George IV and his ill-starred consort Caroline of Brunswick.
Nick Stafford's account of the disastrous 18th-century marriage of George Prince Of Wales and Caroline of Brunswick is plodding and ponderous.
It's about the disastrous an scandal-ridden marriage of George and Caroline of Brunswick.
The titles include Terri Brisbin's WHAT THE DUCHESS WANTS (Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine and Henry of Anjou, the future Henry II, 1152), Michelle Willingham's LIONHEART'S BRIDE (King Richard and Princess Berengaria, 1191), Bronwyn Scott's PRINCE CHARMING IN DISGUISE (Prince George and Caroline of Ansbach, 1704), Elizabeth Rolls's A PRINCELY DILEMMA (George, Prince of Wales-future George IV-and Princess Caroline of Brunswick, 1795), Ann Lethbridge's PRINCESS CHARLOTTE'S CHOICE (Princess Charlotte and Prince Leopold, 1816), Mary Nichols's WITH VICTORIA'S BLESSING (Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, 1840) and Lucy Ashford's THE PROBLEM WITH JOSEPHINE (Emperor Napoleon and Archduchess Marie-Louise of Austria, 1810).